Books published in 2001
Waste Composting for Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture: Closing the Rural-Urban Nutrient Cycle in Sub-Saharan Africa. P. Drechsel and D. Kunze, editors. International Water Management Institute, Colombo; FAO, Rome; and CABI Publishing, Wallingford and New York, 2001, xviii + 229 p. ISBN 92-5-104591-7 (FAO); and 0-85199-548-9 (CABI). Hardcover.
Rapid urbanization has created a major challenge with regard to waste management and environmental protection. However, turning organic waste into compost for use as an agricultural fertilizer in peri-urban areas can ameliorate the problem. This is especially significant in less developed countries, where food security is also a key issue. This book is based on papers presented at a workshop held in Accra, Ghana, from 2 to 6 August 1999 to address these issues. Special reference is given to Sub-Saharan Africa, with acknowledgement to experiences in other parts of the world.
After an introductory chapter, the following themes are addressed: (1) The potential use of waste-stream products for soil amelioration in peril-urban interface agricultural production systems (1 paper); (2) Economic, sociocultural and environmental considerations ((3 papers); (3) Turning urban waste into fertilizers: case studies from East and West Africa (9 papers); (4) Modelling biomass and nutrient flows (5 papers); (5) Urban agriculture: international support and capacity building in Africa (1 paper). The book closes with a chapter about research and development priorities.
Price: GBP 45.00; USD 80.00.
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Securing the Harvest. Biotechnology, Breeding and Seed Systems for African Crops. J. DeVries and G. Toenniessen. CABI Publishing, Wallingford and New York, 2001, xvi + 208 p. ISBN 0-85199-564-0.
As the one remaining major world region where agriculture has yet to be transformed from subsistence, low-yield systems dependent on shifting cultivation to efficient modern systems capable of producing regular surpluses, the question of crop improvement is especially important to Africa. This continent is also the sole world region where many indices of food security have shown a serious decline in recent years. In the context of high population growth and an increased emphasis on keeping Africa s unique natural environment intact, it is clear that crop yields must be substantially and sustainably increased. More efficient, better-performing crop varieties can play a significant role in achieving this goal. Improved food security, led by increased productivity among many small-scale farmers, has been the aim of significant national and international efforts in recent decades. It has proved to be one of the most critical challenges facing humankind. This book grew out of a two-year exploration conducted by the food security theme of the Rockefeller Foundation, focusing on the potential for crop genetic improvement to contribute to food security among rural populations in Africa. It provides a critical assessment of the ways in which recent breakthroughs in biotechnology, participatory plant breeding and seed systems can be broadly employed in developing and delivering more productive crop varieties in Africa s diverse agricultural environments. It also presents an analysis of current plant breeding and biotechnology strategies for seven key crops in Africa: maize, sorghum, millet, cowpea, rice, cassava and banana.
Price: GBP 27.50.
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Nitrate and Man: Toxic, Harmless or Beneficial? J. l Hirondel and J.L. l Hirondel. CABI Publishing, Wallingford and New York, 2001, 184 p. ISBN 0-85199-566-7. Hardcover.
Nitrate is ubiquitous. It is present in Water, soil, plants and food, and it is also a normal human metabolite. The main external sources of nitrate are vegetables and drinking water. This book examines the relationship between nitrates and human health. Nitrate has been feared as the source of some serious diseases. This book sets out research results to disprove these assumptions, and goes on to explore the beneficial effects of nitrate in preventing infections, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
Price: GBP 35.00; USD 65.00
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The Sustainable Management of Vertisols. IBSRAM Proceedings No. 20. J.K. Syers, F.W.T. Penning de Vries and P. Nyamudeza, editors. CABI Publishing, Wallingford and New York, in association with the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Bangkok, 2001, xiv + 304 p. ISBN 0-85199-450-4. Hardcover.
Black cracking clay soils, classified as Vertisols, are an important an important resource in the subtropics and tropics. In Africa, Vertisols occupy an area of over 100 million ha, or 6% of the arable land area. These soils also feature significantly in Australia, India and the USA. The physical properties make them difficult to cultivate and present inherent problems of low infiltration rates, waterlogging and erodibility. In combination with widespread chemical fertility decline, the physical problems represent a major constraint to their sustainable management. Nevertheless, research shows that careful management of the soil surface can control and improve the soil regime, significantly boosting crop yields. Despite a number of success stories, the benefits of new technologies are bypassing many millions of farmers cultivating Vertisols. In May 1999, the International Board for Soil Research and Management (IBSRAM, which merged with IWMI in April 2001) organized a forum for Vertisol researchers from all over the world to review their progress, and develop plans for collaborative research to fill any gaps identified. A key element in the choice of the papers was the need for social and economic aspects of research to be considered alongside the biological and physical aspects. A series of working groups identified research needs, and the output is included in the book. All papers have undergone a process of peer review, editing, updating and revision. The book provides up-to-date information on Vertisols research and guide readers to important reference material.
After four keynote and overview papers, the publication contains eight country papers. In five papers attention is given to international perspectives on the management of Vertisols.
Price: GBP 55.00; USD 100.00.
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Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems. Second edition. K. Giller. CABI Publishing, Wallingford and New York, 2001, 448 p. ISBN 0-85199-417-2. Hardcover.
This second edition of the highly successful book, first published in 1991, contains thoroughly updated and revised material on the theory and practice of nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems. Nitrogen fixation is especially important when farmers are trying to minimize fertilizer use for cost or environmental reasons. The significant research advances in the last decade on both the fundamental and applied level are covered, including those relating to the classification and description of N2-fixing bacteria and symbioses and the processes of N2-fixation.
Price: GBP 60.00; USD 110.00.
Planning Agricultural Research: A Sourcebook. G. Gijsbers, H. Hambly Odame, W. Janssen, and G. Meijerink, editors. CABI Publishing, Wallingford and New York, 2001, 363 p. ISBN 0-85199-401-6. Agricultural research is an investment in future production, productivity, and food security. But it is an uncertain business, because the investments required are large and the benefits are unknown and far away. Planning in agricultural research aims to guide the investments towards the most relevant outputs, in the most cost-effective manner. New approaches to planning are emerging that emphasize
the use of plans to identify strategic issues and to help organizations adjust to rapidly changing conditions in the external environment. These ideas are important for agricultural research organizations, which must balance the need to adjust to changing circumstances with the long-term nature of agricultural research. The book provides a variety of perspectives on agricultural research planning, grouped into four sections dealing with the context of planning, planning content, planning processes, and planning tools. A glossary provides an overview of concepts and definitions.
Price: GBP 29.50; USD 55.00.
Some sections are available free of charge in html and pdf formats. See at internet: www.isnar.cgiar.org/publications/planningbook.htm.
Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa. S. Devereux and S. Maxwell, editors. ITDG Publishing, London, 2001, xviii + 350 p. ISBN 1-85339-523-4. Softcover.
Sub-Saharan Africa is the only region in the world currently facing both widespread chronic food insecurity and threats of famine. Why is this so and what can be done? In seeking to answer these questions, the authors have brought together eleven different perspectives on critical food security issues, from the causes of food insecurity to planning and policy interventions. The have drawn on a variety of disciplines, from agricultural economics to nutrition. An evolution of thinking would appear to have taken place over the last ten years. Food insecurity is no longer seen simply as a failure of agriculture to produce sufficient food at the national level, but instead as a failure of livelihoods to guarantee access to sufficient food to people at the household level. This conceptual shift and related arguments are presented for the non-specialist reader as well as the development specialist. The contributors illustrate their arguments with empirical data and case studies from across the sub-continent.
Price: GBP 15.95.
Organic Recycling & Biofertilisation in South Asia. H.L.S. Tandon, editor. Fertiliser Development and Consultation Organisation (FDCO), New Delhi, 2001, vi + 167 p. ISBN 81-85116-46-6. Hardcover.
This book is published in the FDCO s series of reference and practical publications on various aspects of mineral, organic and biofertilisers; nutrition of food grains, other field crops and plantation crops through major and micronutrients from diverse sources; analytical methods, non-traditional sectors of fertiliser use and volumes on individual nutrients. The present volume has been prepared largely to put in one place some of the current information on biofertilisers and organic recycling in South Asia, covering Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Most of the 550 abstracts appearing in this publication have been taken from the FAO-RAPA series Organic Recycling in Asia and the Pacific , volumes 1 to 13. The dominant share of information is from India. It has a subject and an author index.
Price: Rs. 350 in India, elsewhere USD 60.00, including airmail charges.
Land Use and Cover Change. R.B. Singh, J. Fox and Y. Himiyama, editors. Science Publishers, Enfield and Plymouth, 2001, xi + 299 p. ISBN 1-57808-147-5. Hardcover.
Land-use and land-cover change is a focal theme and emerging issue in the study of global environmental change. Human modifications and alterations of the environment cause impacts on the surface of the earth, threaten global sustainability and livelihood systems, and contribute to changes in the biogeochemical cycles on the earth, which in turn affect atmospheric levels of greenhouse and other trace gases. Scientists working in this area of research have recently drawn attention to the need to integrate research on monitoring land-use and land-cover change from space with research on the socio-economic causes of these changes. Remote sensing observations alone cannot explain the socio-economic and institutional factors that cause land-use and land-cover change, nor can they identify the factors that influence regional trends or local dynamics. These issues can only be addresses by using population and other social science data in a comparative framework. Geographic information systems are used to merge social science variables spatially and temporally with physical science data. This analysis must then be supplemented by field research in order to understand the individual-level decision processes that produce the land-use and land-cover change. At a meeting held in Honolulu in July 1999, the papers presented focused on land-use and land-cover change in relation to information bases, historical assessment, modeling, and predication, remote sensing and GIS application, and environmental impact assessment. This book is a compilation of 24 papers presented and discussed, and have been edited and updated. A few invited papers have also been included in order to bridge the gaps in research knowledge.
Price: USD 88.00; GBP 61.00.
Knowing Where You re Going. Information Systems for Agricultural Research Management. R. Vernon. International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR), The Hague, 2001, xxxi + 345 p. ISBN 92-9118-054-8. Softcover.
Agricultural researchers, especially in developing countries, are facing serious problems in accessing information. Scientific journals are becoming less and less affordable to most institutions. Research is often inefficient: scientists pursue lines of research unaware that the topic has already been covered in the past, because they have no access to records of former research, even in their own country. Research managers supervise programs and make decisions with insufficient information from within their own research programs, and little or no information on external factors that should have a crucial bearing on research priorities. But there is also good news! Never before has there been such rapid development of information and communication technologies. Capacities and speeds are increasing, while prices are falling. The Internet has opened a vast range of information to millions of users. CD-ROMs provide enormous capacity for cheap storage and distribution of information, even to those without Internet access. Most of the benefit of the information management revolution, however, accrues to the developed countries, and the North-South gap in information access is increasing. It is the target of this book to help reverse that trend. The objective of this book is to provide agricultural research managers at all levels, and information specialists within agricultural research organizations, with a source of ideas, concepts, methodologies, explanations, and guidance in information management within their respective roles. Part 1, covering about one-third of the text, is aimed particularly at research managers and part 2 at information managers. The complete text is also available free of charge from the internet. See: www.isnar.cgiar.org/publications/mis_book.htm.
Heavy Metals Release in Soils. H.M. Selim and D.L. Sparks, editors. Lewis Publishers, CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, London, 2001, viii + 249 p. ISBN 1-56670-531-2. Hardcover.
Characterizing the nature of heavy metal release reactions, sorption mechanisms, and movement in the soil is the main topic of this book. Because soils are heterogeneous, heavy metals in soils can be involved in a series of complex chemical and biological interactions including oxidation-reduction, precipitation and dissolution, volatilization, and surface and solution phase complexation. The heterogeneous nature of the different soil constituents adds to the complexity of interactions of heavy metal species with the soil environment. In the first four chapters, the primary focus in on transport processes and parameters which control the mobility of heavy metals in contaminated and uncontaminated soils, assessment of their potential for migration, and the impact on the soil environment. Models that are often used to describe the reactivity and transport of heavy metals in the soil system are described. The subsequent two chapters are devoted to the kinetics of sorption-release processes in the soil environment. Theoretical and experimental analyses of kinetic and reversible processes are presented. The next two chapters deal with the identification of the major soil parameters affecting metal lability in soils, a requisite to the prediction of metal behavior and establishment of appropriate soil screening levels. The next chapter discusses the sorption and release processes of selenate in various soils typical of the Mediterranean area. In the last chapters, complexation and speciation processes and their influence on heavy metal mobility are discussed in detail.
Price: USD 99.95.
Sustaining Soil Fertility in West Africa. SSSA Special Publication Number 58. G. Tian, F. Ishida and D. Keatinge, editors. Soil Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy, Madison, 2001, xxi + 321 p. ISBN 0-89118-838-X. Softcover.
The rapid growth of the population of West Africa and the exploitative use of non-renewable resources in the region have seriously undermined food security. Local production of food is becoming increasingly challenged. Though the reasons for this low productivity are complex, one of the causes is poor levels of soil fertility, resulting from a combination of low activity clay (LAC) soils and a lack of external inputs. Based on research carried out by national and international agricultural research institutions better-integrated practices in soil and nutrient management have been developed. Progress has been made in understanding how best to manage the LAC soils, through minimizing soil degradation and maximizing the use of local organic nutrient sources in combination with inorganic fertilizers. This publication is the outcome of a symposium, held in Minneapolis in November 2000. The topics in this volume address the principles, practices, and opportunities for enhancing soil fertility, presenting the current knowledge of the understanding and management of soil fertility in West Africa. The book has 14 chapters arranged in three sections. The first section (5 chapters) highlights information on the storage, turnover, and loss of soil nutrients and organic matter in LAC soils following agricultural intensification. The second section (5 chapters) presents a range of fallow management systems including the use of cover crops and trees. The third section (4 chapters) demonstrates opportunities that exist in the region to achieve substantial levels of additional food production.
Price: USD 30.00.
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Humic Substances and Chemical Contaminants. C.E. Clapp, M.H.B. Hayes, N. Senesi, P.R. Bloom and P.M. Jardine, editors. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 2001, 502 p. ISBN 0-89118-837-1. Hardcover. With CD-ROM.
There have been numerous publications that deal with humic-anthropogenic and humic-metal interactions, but there has not been a single treatise with all aspects of these interactions. The lack of such a book provided the inspiration for this publication. It is divided into four sections. The first section covers composition and structure of humic substances. The theme for the second section is the interaction with xenobiotics. The chapters take account of adsorption-desorption phenomena involving organic chemicals and humic fractions. The focus the third section in on interaction with metals. Emphasis here is on modeling metal-humic complexation, and due attention is given also to modern spectroscopic analytical procedures, and to applications of nuclear magnetic resonance for investigations of the metal/humic binding mechanisms. The final section examines transport and modeling. This section is of prime environmental importance, especially with regard to the tracing of a contaminant to its source. The CD-ROM combines computational chemistry, scanning probe microscopy and animated virtual reality to allow readers to visualize the chemical reactivity of humic substances in ways we ve never been able to before.
Price: USD 54.00.
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Sustainability of Agricultural Systems in Transition. ASA Special Publication Number 64. W.A. Payne, D.R. Keeney and S.C. Rao, editors. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America and Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 2001, 272 p. ISBN 0-89118-149-0. Softcover.
Agriculture has changes during the last few decades, and will change even more during the next few. Modern agriculture faces several daunting challenges, including global food security, persistent poverty, low commodity prices, dwindling land and water resources, environmental protection, and meeting the demand of diverse social, commercial and political movements. Because of the changing demands placed upon agriculture, and the many technological advances in feed, food and fiber production, agricultural systems of the world are ever in transition. To become sustainable, agricultural systems ought to transition towards ones that are characterized by favorable economics, conservation of resources, preservation of ecology, and promotion of social justice. These issues, with case studies from various countries, are addressed in this publication. Added in the publication are relevant papers presented at a concurrent symposium entitled Food Security and Sustainable Development for the 21st Century in India. Perhaps no country has witnessed greater change in agriculture during the last few decades than India. This nation was threatened by hunger and mass starvation in the 1960 s, has become self-sufficient in staple foods, while her population more than doubled. India s agricultural systems face many familiar problems, including flooding, deforestation, soil erosion, overgrazing, air and water pollution and desertification. These important issues related to ensuring food security in India are presented in 7 papers.
Price: USD 48.00.
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Estimating Uncertainty in Soil Models (Pedometrics 99) I.O.A. Odeh and A.B. McBratney, editors. Special Issue of Geoderma, volume 103, nos. 1-2. September 2001, 229 p. Elsevier, Amsterdam, London. ISSN 0016-7061.
This issue of Geoderma contains some of the papers presented at the Third Conference of the Working Group on Pedometrics (WG-PM) of the IUSS, held on September 27-29, 1999, at the University of Sydney. The theme of the conference, Estimating Uncertainty in Soil Models, is retained. Uncertainty is inherent in all estimation models of natural phenomena, whether they are stochastic or deterministic, mechanistic or empirical. The 11 papers deal with uncertainty in all these categories in a search for adequate models for describing and explaining soil phenomena quantitatively. Incorporating and evaluating uncertainty remains a huge challenge for pedometrics for the first decade of the 21st century.
Orders to: Customer Support Department at the Regional Sales Office in New York, Amsterdam, Tokyo and Singapore. See www.elsevier.nl for details.
Predicting Land-use Change. A. Veldkamp and E. Lambin, guest editors. Special Issue of Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, vol. 85, nos. 1-3, June 2001, 292 p. Elsevier, Amsterdam, London. ISSN 0167-8809.
Land-use change modeling, especially if done in a spatially-explicit, integrated and multi-scale manner, is an important technique for the projection of alternative pathways into the future, for conducting experiments that test our understanding of key processes in land use changes. Land-use change models should represent part of the complexity of land-use systems. They offer the possibility to test the sensitivity of land-use patterns to changes in selected variables. They also allow testing of the stability of linked social and ecological systems, through scenario building. To assess current progress in this field, a workshop on spatially explicit land-use/land-cover models was organized within the scope of the Land-Use and Land Cover Change project (LUCC). The main developments presented in this special issue concern progress in: (1) modeling and drivers of land use change; (2) modeling of scale dependency of drivers of land use change; (3) modeling progress in predicting location versus quantity of land use change; and (5) the incorporation of biophysical feedbacks in land-use change models.
Orders to: Customer Support Department at the Regional Sales Office in New York, Amsterdam, Tokyo and Singapore. See www.elsevier.nl for details.
XVth ISTRO Conference on Tillage at the Threshold of the 21st Century: Looking Ahead. W.B. Voorhees, guest editor. Special Issue of Soil & Tillage Research, volume 61, issues 1-2, August 2001, 123 p. Elsevier, Amsterdam, London. ISSN 0167-1987. Published in collaboration with the Inter\national Soil Tillage Research Organization.
This special issue contains the keynote papers of the 15th ISTRO Conference, which took place in Forth North, from 2-7 July 2001. It contains an overview paper about ISTRO s important history since 1955 and eight keynote addresses, grouped into four general themes: (1) tillage and soil structure; (2) tillage and erosion; (3) tillage and biology; and (4) tillage and sustainable systems.
Orders to: Customer Support Department at the Regional Sales Office in New York, Amsterdam, Tokyo and Singapore. See www.elsevier.nl for details.
The Sustainability of Long-term Growth. Socioeconomic and Ecological Perspectives. M. Munasinghe, O. Sunkel and C. de Miguel, editors. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, 2001, xvii + 463 p. ISBN 1-84064-515-6. Hardcover.
This is a comprehensive review of the links between sustainable development and long-term growth. This state-of-the-art book develops our understanding of the complex issues that will shape sustainable development strategies in the 21st century economic growth, poverty eradication, environmental protection, social inclusion and good governance. Sustainability is analysed in terms of its economic, social and environmental dimensions. The authors argue that material-intensive conventional economic growth is unsustainable in the long term, unless environmental and social elements are given equal priority. Important issues are critically discussed, including durability versus optimality of development globalization, dematerialization of production and consumption, alternative lifestyles, green national income accounting and environmental valuation, ecodevelopment, the growing North-South development gap, environmental and trade policy and the equitable distribution of assets and among nations. The coverage ranges from comprehensive analytical models to practical case studies applications, ensuring this will be essential reading for policy analysts and researchers as well as academics involved in economic growth, environmental economics and sustainable development.
Price: GBP 75.00.
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Biodiversity in the Balance. Land Use, National Development and Global Welfare. R. Cervigni. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, 2001, xix + 271 p. ISBN 1-84064-345-5. Hardcover.
Biodiversity has become over the last couple of decades the subject of world-wide debate, due to mounting concerns about the negative consequences of its accelerating decline. The contribution of biological resources both to sustainable national development and to the well being of the international community has been underestimated in the past. Ecological and biological research is increasingly pointing to the possibility that low diversity of life forms may threaten the satisfaction of material needs, imperil the life support functions of natural systems, and in general deprive present, and more likely future generations of material and spiritual benefits related to a biologically diverse planet. At the same time, biodiversity is a concept that encompasses multiple scientific dimensions (genetic, species and ecosystem levels), multiple scales (local, national and international), and multiple justifications (materialistic, ethical, religious) for concern and action. As a result, there seems to be little clarity on what should constitute the objectives of public policies for biodiversity conservation and management. One set of issues appears of particular interest, and is addressed in this book. These revolve around the broad question of whether there are options to conserve the benefits of biodiversity without compromising the benefits of development. Specific questions that stem from this are: how much land may be allocated to productive uses without compromising the ability of biodiversity to contribute to human welfare? Will the development process continue to exert pressure on biodiversity, or will it generate incentives for its sustainable use? Does the international community have a role in facilitating the transition towards sustainability? This book contains a collection of writings, drafted between 1993 and 1998. The introductory chapter summarizes the main terms of the scientific and policy debate. Chapter 2 proposes a framework to analyse the sequence of land use changes typically observed in a number of tropical countries; and discusses different policy interventions which could alter the incentives for land conversion. A model that addresses the allocative and incentive implications of the incremental cost mechanism is proposed in Chapter 3. The actual process of land use change is presented in a case study made in the region of Sierra de Santa Marta, Mexico. The social and economic factors are presented, and an economic model is then proposed for simulating further impacts at the farm level over the next decade in Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 6 considers the problem of the appropriate mix of conservation and sustainable use management options in the study area. It further formulates tentative policy conclusions and sketches line of possible future research.
Price: GBP 59.95.
Encyclopedia of Global Change. Environmental Change and Human Society. A. Goudie, editor-in-chief. D.J. Cuff, associate editor. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001, 1440 p. ISBN 0-19-510825-6. Hardcover.
This comprehensive and interdisciplinary guide to the Earth s environment includes 320 entries, 300 graphs, photographs and maps. It describes the current knowledge of natural and anthropogenic changes in the physical, chemical and biological systems and resources, and explores the effects of those on changes in human society. The articles cover concepts of global change, earth and earth systems, human factors, resources, responses to global change, agreements and associations, institutions, policies, biographies and case studies. Enhanced by 1500 charts, diagrams, and other illustrations, extensive cross-references, bibliographies and an index, the encyclopedia links essential knowledge across many fields, including geography, geology, geophysics, atmospheric science, political science, economics, technology, and others.
Price: GBP 185.00.
Remote Sensing for Tropical Ecosystem Management. United Nations.
Monitoring the Earth s environment by remote sensing provides an opportunity for greater information sharing and predicting changes in the Earth s environment. These conference proceedings spread an awareness among managers and planners concerned with natural resources and environmental management about the usefulness of remote sensing and geographic information system techniques in aping, monitoring and managing the land and its resources in tropical environments. Recently have been published: Proceedings of the Sixth Regional Seminar on Earth Observation for Tropical Ecosystem Management, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, 3-7 November 1997, 116 p. Sales number E.99.II.F.32. USD 40.00. Proceedings of the Seventh Regional Seminar on Earth Observation for Tropical Ecosystem Management, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 7-11 December 1998, 112 p. Sales number E.99.II.F.68. USD 40.00.Proceedings of the Eighth Regional Seminar on Earth Observation for Tropical Ecosystem Management, Yangon, Myanmar, 25-29 October 1999, 148 p. Sales number E.00.II.F.52. USD 50.00.
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Monitoring Nutrient Flows and Economic Performance in Tropical Farming Systems (NUTMON). Part 1: Manual for the NUTMON-toolbox. And Annex. J. Vlaming, H. Van den Bosch. M.S. van Wijk, A. De Jager, A. Bannink and H. van Keulen. Alterra, Wageningen and Agricultural Economics Research Institute, The Hague, 2001, 180 p. and 137 p. ISBN 90-327-0303-X. Ringbinder. With CD-ROM.
Soil fertility is a dynamic entity. While parts of Western Europe and North America face surpluses of nutrients and related pollution problems, large parts of the tropics see their soil fertility gradually decrease. Many tropical soils are very old, and such soils are already deprived from soil nutrients by weathering and leaching. Soil fertility decline is a largely invisible, gradual process, which does not get enough attention. Although it is hard to quantify rates of soil fertility decline, the picture for Africa and presumably large parts of other tropical continents, is one of slow to rapid decline. Each year farmers derive part of their income from soil nutrients. The NUTMON (NUTrient MONitoring) programme was developed to study the relation between soil fertility decline (or nutrient mining) and household income. The present NUTMON-toolbox enables a full-fledged nutrient and monetary analysis of (a group of) farm households and their constituents. After describing the momentary picture by a farm inventory, a farm monitoring can be performed, showing where and how fast soil fertility changes, and how this relates to farm economic performance indicators. Several modules have been built-in, such as relating fodder production to feed intake by number of livestock units and their production of milk, meat and manure. After this diagnosis, the Toolbox allows comparison of development options by bringing in better farming systems based on integrated nutrient management (INM) technologies. The Toolbox can assist in showing farmers how different INM technologies change both the soil fertility level as well as their farm income. The Toolbox includes four modules and two databases that together facilitate nutrient monitoring at the level of individual farmers fields and farms as a whole. The following modules are included: (1) a set of Questionnaires that collects the required farm-specific information on management, the farm environment, the farms household, soils and climate; (2) a Data Entry Module that facilitates entry of the data from the questionnaires into the computer; (3) a Background Data Module, storing non-farm-specific information on crops, crop residues, animals, inputs and outputs; and (4) a Data Processing Module that calculates nutrient flows, nutrient balances and economic indicators, based on the farm-specific data from the questionnaires and general data from the Background Database, using calculation rules and assumptions. The included databases are: (1) a Background Database containing non-farm-specific information on, for instance, nutrient content of crop and animal products, crop and livestock parameters; and (2) a Farm Database storing farm-specific information. The set is nicely produced with clear figures, forms, and photographs. For more information see: www.nutmon.org.
Price: EUR 250, plus VAT when applicable. Free for Universities, National Research Institutions and relevant NGO s in developing countries. See for details the homepage mentioned above.
Conservation Agriculture, A Worldwide Challenge. Volume I: Keynote Contributions. Volume II: Offered Contributions. L. Garc a-Torres, J. Benites and A. Mart nez-Vilela, editors. ECAF, C rdoba. Volume I, xii + 391 p. ISBN 84-932237-1-9. Volume II, xxxi + 815 p. ISBN 84-932237-2-7. Set of two volumes: ISBN 84-932237-0-0. Hardcover.
These volumes contain the proceedings of the First World Congress on Conservation Agriculture (Madrid, 1-5 October 2001), which was organized by the FAO and the European Conservation Agriculture Federation (ECAF). Serious problems of land degradation, desertification, declining soil fertility and agricultural production levels are occurring in large parts of the world. These are for a part caused by the effects of plough-based or hoe-based agriculture on the soil as a rooting environment. Inappropriate land management practices cause the soil to become more compact, the organic matter content to be reduced and water runoff and soil erosion to increase. They also lead to the effects of droughts becoming more severe and the soil becoming less fertile and less responsive to fertilizer. There is now a wealth of evidence from examples throughout the world of sustainable production systems that can be achieved when the basic principles of good farming practice is applied. The term being adopted for such systems is Conservation Agriculture (CA). This implies conformity with three general principles: no mechanical soil disturbance, direct seeding and planting; permanent soil cover, making particular use of crop residues and cover crops; judicious choice of crop rotations. CA has demonstrated that high production levels can be combined with enhancing the natural resource base and conserving the environment. Globally, CA is being practiced on about 60 million hectares, and the rate of adoption is growing. To promote the dissemination of information through workshops and meetings, the 2001 Madrid Conference was organized as a high-profile example.
Volume I of the Proceedings contains 40 keynote papers, Volume II the 153 contributions presented at this well-attended first international congress on Conservation Agriculture.
Price: EUR 60.00 plus postal charges.
World in Transition: Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biosphere. H.-J. Schellnhuber, J. Kokot, F.O. Beese, at al. German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU). Published by Earthscan, London and Sterling, 2001, xxvi + 451 p. ISBN 1-85383-802-0. Hardcover.
Biodiversity the planet s natural capital is undergoing a dramatic collapse: its Sixth Extinction . The losses, which are due to human activities and overexploitation of the biosphere, are irreversible. They are undermining the basis of future well-being and prosperity - including genetic resources, food production, climate stability, and coastal and soil protection. This volume presents an analysis of the state of the biosphere. In it, the scientists of the German Advisory Council on Global Change show that the time remaining for remedial action is fast disappearing and they set out a range of initiatives to be undertaken at different levels. Among their main urgent recommendations are: (1) protect 10 to 20 per cent of the global land area; (2) establish an International Panel on Biodiversity to provide scientific advice; (3) conservation of the diversity of cultivated as well as wild plant species; (4) extend bioregional management and nature sponsorship; and (5) a greater multilateral cooperation and implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It is a thorough, interdisciplinary view of the biosphere, covering both science aspects as well as policy issues.
Price: GBP 50.00. If ordered online from Earthscan directly: GBP 40.00.
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World in Transition 2. New Structures for Global Environmental Policy. H.-J. Schellnhuber, J. Kokot, F.O. Beese, et al. German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU). Published by Earthscan, London and Sterling, 2001, 242 p. ISBN 1-85383-852-7. Hardcover.
International institutions and structures are crucial to the management of the global environment. Today, more than 900 bilateral and multilateral environmental treaties are in force. Nevertheless, the most pressing problems of global environmental change remain unresolved some, indeed, are intensifying and alternative institutional responses are urgently needed. In this volume the current problems are analysed and comprehensive and persuasive policies for a successful future regime are set out. The authors offer a vision of reforming the United Nations in the environmental arena that they term the Earth Alliance , comprising three interlocking realms: (1) Earth Assessment: the establishment of an independent body to provide advance warning of the risks of particular environmental changes. (2) Earth Organization: the radical redesign of the organizational core of the international policy, centered on the establishment of an International Environmental Organization, with the existing United Nations Environment Programme as its initial nucleus. (3) Earth Funding: the exploration of new avenues for financing global environmental policy.
Price: GBP 50.00. If ordered online from Earthscan directly: GBP 42.50.
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Farmer Innovation in Africa. A Source of Inspiration for Agricultural Development. C. Reij and A. Waters-Bayer, editors. Earthscan, London and Sterling, 2001, xxii + 362 p. ISBN 1-85383-816-0. Softcover.
One of Africa s major untapped resources is the creativity of its farmers. This book presents a series of clear and detailed studies that demonstrate how small-scale farmers experiment and innovate in order to improve their livelihoods, despite the adverse conditions and lack of appropriate external support with which they have to contend. The studies are based on fieldwork in a wide variety of farming systems throughout Africa, and have been written primarily by African researchers and extension specialists. Examples show how a participatory approach to agricultural research and development that builds on local knowledge and innovation can stimulate the creativity of all involved - not only the farmers. This approach, which recognizes the farmers as the crucial component of success, provides a much-needed alternative to the conventional transfer of technology paradigm.
This book is a rich source of case studies and analyses of how agricultural research and development policy can and should be changed. It presents evidence of the resilience and resolution of rural communities in Africa and will be an inspiration for development workers, researchers and policy makers, as well as for students and teachers of agriculture, environment and sustainable development.
Price: GBP 18.95. Special Reader Offer if ordered online from Earthscan directly: 15% discount.
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Handbook of the Field Assessment of Land Degradation. M.A. Stocking and N. Murnaghan. Earthscan, London and Sterling, 2001, xiii + 169 p. ISBN 1-85383-831-4. Softcover.
With the increasing concern over rural livelihoods and the food security of poor communities in developing countries, it is vital that the land quality is maintained. Yet land degradation is widespread and is lowering the productive capacity of the land in these countries. This practical guidebook presents simple, non-technical indicators for assessing land degradation in the field. Based on the perspective of the farmer, the methods selected lend meaning to real farming situations, helping the field professional to understand not only the impact of degradation but also the benefits to be gained from reversing it.
The handbook shows how to calculate indicators such as those of soil loss and explains the interpretation of results and, in particular, how combinations of different indicators can give conclusive evidence of the severity of land degradation. The focus of the book in on understanding the farmer s interaction with the land, and how environmental protection, food security and the well being of rural land users may be assured. With many figures, colour photographs, worked examples and sample forms based on assessment techniques validated by field professionals in Africa, Asia and Latin America, this will be an essential training manual for field-workers, researchers in educational institutions and students. An outline for a two-week training workshop in land degradation field assessment is also given, as well as an annotated bibliography for further reading, and a listing of websites.
Price: GBP 25.00. Special Reader Offer if ordered online from Earthscan directly: 15% discount.
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Dynamics & Diversity. Soil Fertility and Farming Livelihoods in Africa. Case studies from Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe. I. Scoones, editor. Earthscan, London and Sterling, 2001, xii + 244 p. ISBN 1-85383-820-9, Softcover. ISBN 1-85383-819-5, Hardcover.
The management of Africa s soils is one of the major challenges facing agriculture and livelihoods in the 21st century. Policies to address this tend to assume that soils are being degraded on a large scale, and that farmers practices often contribute to a downward spiral of degradation and poverty a familiar narrative of negative environmental change. But have policies been attuned to local-level understandings of soils and their change? What can we learn from a detailed understanding of the way farmers actually manage their soils and the social and environmental processes that result in their transformation? Is the story of environmental change always so gloomy? What factors encourage more positive trends? These are just some of the critical questions addressed in this book. Based on a series of detailed case studies from Ethiopia, Mali and Zimbabwe, it explores the complex dynamics of soil fertility change from an interdisciplinary perspective, looking at the way farmers actually manage their soils and the social and environmental processes that determine their transformation. Through this analysis, new ways of thinking about agricultural development policy and practice are presented.
Price: GBP 16.95, softcover; GBP 45.00, hardcover. Special Reader Offer if ordered online from Earthscan directly: 15% discount.
Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments. Biogeochemistry, Bioavailability, and Risks of Metals. Second edition. D.C. Adriano. Springer-Verlag, New York, Berlin, 2001, xii + 866 p. ISBN 0-387-98678-2. Hardcover.
The first edition of this book appeared in 1986 under the title Trace Elements in the Terrestrial Environment. The primary objective was to provide students and professionals with a comprehensive book about many important aspects of trace elements in the environment. The present edition follows a similar format, but includes new chapters on biogeochemistry, bioavailability, environmental pollution and regulation, ecological and human health effects, and risk and risk management and expanding the coverage to include freshwater systems and groundwater where appropriate. In addition to plants, which were the main biota of emphasis in the first edition, fish and wildlife and invertebrates are discussed as necessary. The ecological and human health effects of major environmental contaminants, such as As, Cd, Cr, Pb and Hg are also highlighted, along with relevant information on potential risks to the ecology and human health. The chapters are organized by element, which are grouped into the big five environmental metals, the essential elements, and other trace elements. For all elements are given: the general properties; the production and uses; the element in nature; the element is soils; the element in plants; factors affecting mobility and bioavailability of the element; the element in animal and human nutrition; the sources of the element in the environment; and an extensive listing of references. As with the first edition, the book contains many tables and figures.
Price: USD 198.00; GBP 161.50; SFR 403.39.
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Treatment of Contaminated Soil. Fundamentals, Analysis, Applications. R. Stegmann, G. Brunner, W. Calmano and G. Matz, editors. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2001, xvi + 658 p. ISBN 3-540-41736-2. Hardcover.
Anthropogenic activities have resulted in contaminated soils covering significant areas of land. In the 1980s people recognized the size and the consequences of this problem. The developed treatment and remediation processes were often very pragmatic. There was a lack of a scientific basis and a need for further development. There are four main alternatives for the treatment of contaminated soils: (1) leave the contamination as it is, but restrict the utilization of the land; (2) complete or partial encapsulation of the contamination; (3) excavation of the contaminated soil and land filling; and (4) treatment of the contaminated soil in-situ, either at an onsite or central plan. In the long term, the only alternative that makes sense is the decontamination of the polluted soil. Only by this means the problem can be solved without transferring it to the future; the soil needs to be used without any restrictions. This optimum solution cannot always be achieved, and compromises have to be made. In the actual remediation, mechanical, thermal and biological processes are usually practices. The state of the art is characterized by a multitude of procedures. This situation has been achieved by intensive worldwide research where processes have been optimized and further developed. It was essential to adapt and further develop the chemical analytical methods and the monitoring processes for contaminated soil. In addition, the treatment goals have been elaborated and defined, as toxicological and ecotoxicological target values are now available on a scientific basis. Technical soil protection has been developed into a newly acknowledged scientific discipline, where an integrated cooperation among scientists from different disciplines of engineering, chemistry, biology, soils, geology and environmental planning is essential. The book contains the following main parts: (1) fundamental aspects (3 papers); (2) chemical analysis of contaminated soils (6 papers); (3) ecotoxicological assessment of soils (2 papers); (4) bioremediation (14 papers); (5) physical treatment (8 papers); and (6) natural attenuation (3 papers). The appendix offers a survey of materials, test methods and apparatus, as well as a description of analytical directions and processes.
Price: EUR 125.19; GBP 86.50; USD 129.00.
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Understanding the Earth System. Compartments, Processes and Interactions. E. Ehlers and T. Krafft, editors, in collaboration with C. Moss. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2001. xvi + 290 p. ISBN 3-540-67515-9. Hardcover.
This volume includes revised versions of most of the presentations made at an international conference under the same title as this book, which was held in Bonn in November 1999.
There is no doubt that Global Change and its scientific analysis and interpretation are on the forefront of international research efforts. Since the detection of global warming, first signs of world-wide melting of ice-masses and glaciers, indications of sea-level rises and/or depletion of the atmospheric ozone-layers, increasing number of scientists have devoted their research to the solution of these and related problems. Global change research and its development over the last 20 or 30 years are testimony not only to the almost unbelievable broadening and deepening of themes, but also to a shift of scientific disciplines. As a matter of fact: the title of the conference and the publication of its proceedings are part of this development. The book has four parts: (1) Panorama: the Earth system: analysis from science and the humanities (5 papers); (2) Focus: Water in the Earth system: availability, quality and allocation in cross-disciplinary perspectives (3 papers); (3) Perspective: advancing our understanding: reductionist and/or integrationist approaches to Earth system analysis (5 papers), and (4) Appendix: Working Group reports (6 papers).
Price: EUR 106.95; GBP 68.50; USD 99.00.
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Plant Nutrient Acquisition. New Perspectives. N. Ae, J. Arihara, K. Okada and A. Srinivasan, editors. Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, Berlin, 2001, xvi + 520 p. ISBN 4-431-70281-4. Hardcover.
This book is a compilation of research papers presented at an international workshop, held in Tsukuba, Japan, in 1998. The objectives of this workshop were to discuss newly emerging concepts of the mechanisms that plants use to acquire soil nutrients, and to relate those concepts in the context of applied agriculture. New research reveals that plants actively acquire nutrients; the acquisition process is not a passive one in which plants simply wait for dissolved nutrients to come closer to their roots. In fact, plants play a far more active role than once understood to be possible in nutrient acquisition and in adaptation to problem soils. This book presents an overview and summary of concepts of plant nutrient acquisition mechanisms, and sets forth their practical implications in crop production. The scope is wide-ranging, from biochemical, molecular, and genetic analysis of nutrient acquisition to global nutritional problems. Part I is a historical review, part II has 4 papers on root exudates in nutrient acquisition and metal tolerance. Part III, entitled Cell apoplast in nutrient acquisition and metal tolerance, contains 6 papers. Part IV, Contribution of soil microorganisms and soil fauna, has 3 papers. Part V, Direct incorporation of soil micro and macro organic molecules, contains 4 papers, while in Part VI, 3 papers deal with the practical implications. In the Epilogue, the organizers of the workshop make a plea for reducing dependence upon mineral fertilizers to increase food crop production through greater use of natural soil components and processes. The book is well produced and has 230 figures.
Price: EUR 164.00.
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Food Security for Papua New Guinea. Proceedings of the Papua New Guinea Food and Nutrition Conference, PNG University of Technology, Lae, 26-30 June 2000. ACIAR Proceedings No. 99. R.M. Bourke, M.G. Allen and J.G. Salisbury, editors. ACIAR, Canberra, xviii + 892 p. ISBN 1-86320-308-7 (printed), 1-86320-309-5 (electronic). Softcover.
Between 1970 and 1999 nearly 30 conferences devoted to food production or human nutrition in Papua New Guinea (PNG) were held. An important meeting took place in June 2000, of which the proceedings are recorded in this publication. Part 1: Food Security and Nutrition, has six sections: Food Security, Policy Issues (7 papers) Food Security, General (12 papers), Food Shortages and the 1997 Drought and Frosts (17 papers), Renewable Resource Management (14 papers), Human Nutrition (7 papers), Information and Extension (9 papers). Part 2: Food Production in PNG, has five sections: Food Production, General (13 papers), Animal Production (10 papers), Crop Production, Sweet Potato (9 Papers), Crop Production, Other Root Crops (9 papers), and Crop Production, Non-root Crops (8 papers). The last part of the book has a conference summary and recommendations for policy and programs. The book is available online at:
Price of hard copy: AUD 52.00.
Soils Magic. Geotechnical Special Publication 114. D.J. Elton. American Society of Civil Engineers, 2001, 60 p. ISBN 0-7844-0568-9. Softcover. With CD-ROM.
This book consists of a fascinating collection of simple and inexpensive experiments focusing on the principles of soil mechanics. The experiments are suitable for students from elementary school to college, while teaching them about science and the behavior of soil. From turning soil into fluid to making water flow uphill, each experiment conveys a principle of science through a mysterious and captivating magic trick . The CD-ROM provides video footage of actual experiments and their results. Very suitable for science teachers, or anyone who wants to make science and engineering fun and easily accessible.
Price: GBP 29.00, EUR 50.75.
Strunz Mineralogical Tables, Chemical Structural Mineralogical Classification System, 9th edition. H. Strunz and E.H. Nickel. E. Schweitzerbart sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (N gele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, 2001, x + 870 p. ISBN 3-510-65188-X. Hardcover.
This book was first published in 1941, in German. The present ninth edition, the first in the English language, is completely revised and updated, incorporating a large number of data on new minerals and new data on previously described minerals. The book uses a chemical-structural mineral classification system. All minerals are apportioned into one of ten classes according to their principle anionic constituents. Each of these ten classes is broken down into divisions, subdivisions and groups, based on chemical composition and crystal structure. A simple alphanumeric coding system is applied to the various categories. The data are presented in tabular form, with minerals grouped by structure type, and include the chemical formula and crystallographic parameters for each mineral, as well as the authors of the original mineral description. Literature references to reports of crystal structure determinations and to the more recent descriptive papers are also provided. Each group is accompanied by a brief description of the crystal structures of the minerals comprising the group, and crystal-structure drawings are given for many of the important structure types.
Price: EUR 148.00, USD 142.00.
Humic Substances: Chemistry and Function. Special issue of Soil Science, volume 166, number 11, November 2001, pages 721 to 871.
This special issue of the journal Soil Science contains 10 papers on several issues related to humic substances. It is the primary objective of this collection of papers to provide the readers of Soil Science with a current analysis of the status of the research and with a foundation for future quests into the nuances of the structure and function of a keystone in the function of our environment soil humic acid. According to the editor-in-chief of Soil Science, Robert L. Tate III, it is the hope of all involved in the production of this issue that the data presented, the theories postulated, and the debate revealed herein will stimulate renewed quests into the complexities of the enigmatic, elusive humic acid molecule and the importance of this complex organic substance to ecosystem function, behavior of toxicants, and sustainability and resilience of land-based systems in general.
Price: USD 30.00.
Orders to: Customer Service, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 16522 Hunters Green Parkway, Hagerstown, MD 21740-2166, USA. Fax: 1-301-223-2400. Homepage: www.soilsci.com.
Soil Science Simplified. Fourth edition. M.I. Harpstead, Th.J. Sauer and W.F. Benneth. Illustrated by M.C. Bratz. Iowa State University Press, Ames, 2001, vii + 225 p. ISBN 0-8138-2942-9. Hardcover.
The third edition of this book appeared in 1997. As with the former editions, this book explains soil science in an easily understandable manner for persons wishing to have a working knowledge of the many aspects of soil science and be able to apply the information to their endeavors. It covers soil formation, soil components, chemistry, fertility, classification and conservation. At one time, soil science was largely directed toward agriculture. Farming remains at the forefront of food production and is, more than ever, concerned with soils; but the properties of soils affect everyone who works with soils. Horticulturists, foresters, landscape architects and home gardeners frequently seek an in-depth understanding of soils, so do persons engaged in waste disposal, and engineers who need to understand how the physical and chemical properties of soils react to human installations and manipulations. This fourth edition expands and updates each topic. New approaches to content have been incorporated to increase the reader s ease in understanding explanations. The illustrations demonstrate the principles described in the text and enhance comprehension. The book ends with a useful glossary and index.
Price: USD 42.95, GBP 27.50.
The Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Environmental Change. J.A. Matthews, co-ordinating editor, E.M. Bridges, C.J. Caseldine, A.J. Luckman, G. Owen, A.H. Perry, R.A. Shakesby, R.P.D. Walsh, R.J. Whittaker and K.J. Willis, editors. Arnold, London, co-published in the USA by Oxford University Press, New York, 2001, xiii + 690 p. ISBN 0-340-74109-0. Hardcover.
Environmental change has become a subject of major concern and has a wide and rapidly developing terminology. This comprehensive reference provides definitions and explanations of all the important environmental terms likely to be encountered in this field of study. The entries range from concise accounts of basic terms to longer discussions of the important issues and more complex aspects of environmental change. The dictionary covers the diverse sources of evidence of environmental change; it s local, regional and global effects; and the approaches and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modeling and predicting change. It addresses both natural and anthropogenic changes affecting the Earth in the past, the present and future over geologic, intermediate and short timescales. The editors have taken an interdisciplinary approach extending from the natural environmental sciences into relevant areas of the physical, Earth, biological, archaeological and social sciences. They have striven to provide an up-to-date synthesis of all aspects of environmental change. This intermediate between dictionary and encyclopaedia on environmental change contains more than 7000 terms and concepts, defined, exemplified and cross-referenced in over 3450 entries. There are several levels of entries, ranging from a definition alone (one or two sentences; there are 2200 entries of this type) to short reviews of about 1000 words (54 entries), and over 1000 entries at intermediate level. The longest entries cover broad topics or areas of understanding that are particularly relevant to environmental change. Entries at intermediate level cover terms that may appear in one or more of the longer entries, but the importance of which in the context of environmental change is deemed to warrant separate treatment. Shorter entries include terms likely to be encountered but not always in an environmental-change context. This excellent book for persons interested in environmental change in a broad sense is fully illustrated and referenced to publications in the English language.
Price: GBP 125.00.
Metals in the Environment. Analysis by Biodiversity. Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment. M.N.V. Prasad, editor. Marcel Dekker, New York and Basel, xii + 487 p. ISBN 0-8247-0523-8. Hardcover.
This volume spotlights the potentiality of biodiversity for monitoring and abatement of metal pollution in the environment, and also explores the emerging issues and initiatives concerning metals in the environment. Heavy metals are being enriched in all aspects of the environment, viz., air, water, and soil, by anthropogenic as well as natural processes. Data on heavy metal accumulation are given, and contamination, biomonitoring, toxicity and tolerance, and the importance of biodiversity for environmental monitoring and clean up of metal-contaminated and polluted ecosystems are discussed in this book. The contributions show the importance of the use of bacteria, mycorrhizae, freshwater algae, salt marshes, bryo- and pteridophytes, angiosperms, constructed wetlands, reed beds, and floating plant systems and tree crops to treat wastewater and industrial effluents containing heavy metals. The book has also interesting papers on adaptation of trees to heavy metal stress and the role of trees in remediating heavy metals in the soil, the impact of heavy metals on microbial and belowground biodiversity, and gives information on the financial costs of polluted soil remediation. The volume has more than 1800 references.
Price: USD 185.00.
Principles of Plant Nutrition. 5th edition. K. Mengel and E.A. Kirkby, with the support of H. Kosegarten and Th. Appel. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, 2001, xvi + 849 p. ISBN 0-7923-7150-X, Hardcover; 1-4020-0008-1, Softcover.
The fourth edition of this well-known textbook appeared more than 10 years ago. During this time, the rate at which relevant literature has appeared has increased exponentially and to keep pace with this ever-increasing flow has required continuous and tenacious study. The main objective of this textbook for students and guide for those interested in plant science and crop production is to explain basic processes and relationships of relevance to the scientific understanding of Plant Nutrition. These include diffusion, mass flow and interception of plant nutrients in soils, nutrient buffer power, cation exchange, anion adsorption in relation to soil minerals, water potential and redox potentials in soils, assimilation of nutrients by plants and assimilation and mineralization of organic matter by soil microorganisms, ion pumps and transporters and related electrochemical potentials of plant cells, osmosis and plant water potentials. All are involved in Plant Nutrition and the complex process of growth, and hence also in crop production and in crop quality. Plant Nutrition is an essential discipline of Crop Science which is the science of crop production. In energetic terms crop production is the conversion of solar energy into a storable energy form of chemical energy. Most living organisms, including humans, are directly or indirectly dependent on this fundamentally important process of energy conversion. In the near future the world-wide importance of crop production will greatly increase bearing in mind too that every year millions of hectares of fertile land are ruined by desertification, acidification, erosion and salinization. Energy conversion by cultivation of efficient crop species and the maintenance of soil fertility are therefore paramount tasks of agriculture and present a major challenge for agricultural scientists. To meet his challenge requires the application of relevant knowledge and its further elaboration. It is the prominent intention of this book to contribute to this goal. The text refers to about 2000 references. The well-produced book with many figures also includes a useful list of books and papers for further general reading.
Price: Hardcover: EUR 350.00; USD 320.00; GBP 220.00. Softcover: EUR 80.00; USD 75.00; GBP 50.00
GeoENV III Geostatistics for Environmental Applications. Quantitative Geology and Geostatistics Volume 11. P. Monestiez, D. Allard and R. Froidevaux, editors. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, 2001, xiv + 540 p. ISBN 0-7923-7106-2, Hardcover. 0-7923-7107-0, Softcover.
This volume contains the proceedings of the Third European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, which was held in Avignon in November 2000. From the 70 contributions during the conference, 40 were selected for the present book. They went through peer-review. The book opens with two keynote papers. One-third of the papers deal with the most recent methodological developments, with examples predominantly in environmental sciences. Other papers provide a good indication of the wide variety of environmental applications, in which geostatistics reached its place, and of the new methodological issues that are relevant to environmental studies.
Price: Hardcover: EUR 170.00; USD 156.00; GBP 107.00. Softcover: EUR 70.00; USD 64; GBP 44.00.
Soil Erosion Risk in Europe. M. Grimm, R. Jones and L. Montanarella. European Soil Bureau, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, JRC, Ispra, 2001, iv + 38 p. Publication EUR 19939 EN.
This publication has five chapters. After an introduction and outlining the processes of soil erosion, mainly by water, the third chapter is the largest. It deals with the assessment of soil erosion risks, giving information about seven expert-based and model-based approaches to erosion risk assessment, with their advantages and limitations. The fourth chapter outlines indicators of soil erosion and includes some lines about indicators of response. It ends with conclusions and recommendations, a list of references and a glossary. A useful introduction to soil erosion risk in Europe, with illustrative small scale maps at continental and country level.
Requests to: European Soil Bureau, IES, JRC, I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy. Homepage: www.jrc.org.
Soil Analysis. Sampling, Instrumentation and Quality Control. M. Pansu, J. Gautheyrou and J.-Y. Loyer. Translated by V.A.K. Sarma. A.A. Balkema, Lisse, Abington, 2001, ix + 489 p. ISBN 90-5410-716-2. Hardcover.
This is the translation from the book l analyse du sol , published by Masson, Paris, in 1998, and announced in the Bulletin. The objective of this book is to provide a better understanding of soil-analysis tools in order to use them more efficiently. Given the increasing number of analytical methods and techniques, this book has been designed as a guide that will enable first the selection of the method appropriate to the problem and, then, its execution. The first part is concerned to sampling, which includes selection, taking, drying and fractionation of samples. Problems related to the actual analysis and to quality control of the results form the subject of the second part. Principal physico-chemical methods, especially spectroscopic and chromatographic, are presented in detail Techniques of laboratory automation and of statistical quality control of the results are explained at the end of the book. The appendix contains such items as a bilingual glossary of abbreviations, symbols and acronyms, the international system of units, statistical tables, and suppliers of analytical instruments and equipment.
Price: EUR 85.00; USD 85.00; GBP 57.00, plus VAT when applicable.
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Phytoliths: Applications in Earth Sciences and Human History. J.D. Meunier and F. Colin, editors. A.A. Balkema, Lisse, Abingdon, 2001, 378 p. ISBN 90-5809-345-X. Hardcover.
Phytoliths are fossil micrometric minerals (generally hydrated opal-A) precipitated in plant tissues. This book presents recent advances in phytolith research and addresses the use of phytoliths for deciphering fundamental issues in Earth Sciences and Human History. After a review paper on grass phytolithology, the book contains 29 papers under the following subject areas: (1) phytoliths in paleoclimatology and paleoecology (3 papers); (2) phytoliths, diet and health (3 papers); (3) archaeological structures, ancient agricultures and paleoethnobotany (10 papers); (4) methodology, taxonomy and taphonomy (9 papers); and (5) soil-plant interactions (4 papers). Most of the papers were presented at the Second International Meeting on Phytolith Research, held in Aix en Provence, France, in August 1998, and were subsequently peer-reviewed.
Price: EUR 112.50; USD 123.75; GBP 75.00, plus VAT when applicable.
Impact of Human Activity on Groundwater Dynamics. IAHS Publication no. 269. H. Gehrels, N.E. Peters, E. Hoehn, K. Jensen, C. Leibundgut, J. Griffioen, B. Webb and W.J. Zaadnoordijk, editors. International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Wallingford, 2001, x + 369 p. ISBN 1-901502-56-2. Softcover.
Human activities are intricately linked to the evolution and dynamics of groundwater quantity and quality. Given the alarming rate of land use change globally, it is important to understand the linkages between land use change and groundwater dynamics, as land use affects the quantity and chemical quality of recharge water. The recharge directly determines the natural dynamic behaviour of the groundwater system, and is (hence) often the most important driving force in groundwater systems. In many areas, groundwater is the major source of surface water, and in others, surface water infiltration is a major source of recharge. Consequently, understanding the interaction of groundwater and surface water is important to the understanding of groundwater dynamics. Geochemical aquifer characteristics also have to be quantified to enable prediction of both the movement and contamination of groundwater. In this book with 53 papers presented at the Sixth IAHS Scientific Assembly, July 2001, the impact of a number of human activities on groundwater dynamics and resources are presented in five themes: (1) Quantification of groundwater recharge (13 papers); (2) Urbanization and land use change (11 papers); (3) Groundwater-surface water interaction (6 papers); (4) Aquifer characterization and transport modeling (12 papers); and (5) Groundwater contamination (11 papers).
For details of the papers and abstracts see the IAHS web page at: www.cig.ensmp.fr/~iahs.
Price: GBP 59.50.
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Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer Schemes and Large-Scale Hydrological Models. IAHS Publication no 270. A.J. Dolman, A.J. Hall, M.L. Kavvas, T. Oki and J.W. Pomeroy, editors. International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Wallingford, 2001, x + 372 p. ISBN 1-901502-61-9. Softcover.
Soil-vegetation-atmosphere interactions determine, to a large extent, the global climate and the behaviour of the hydrological cycle. Model predictions thus depend critically on adequate parameterization of this inter5action. The present volume represents a state of the art in Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer (SVAT) modeling in the hydrological community. It contains 48 papers presented at the Sixth IAHS Scientific Assembly, Maastricht, July 2001. Several key issues in SVAT models are poorly parameterized or simply not well enough understood. Current SVAT schemes include increasingly complex descriptions of the physical mechanisms governing land surface processes requiring large numbers of soil and land surface parameters controlling the vertical fluxes. The underlying rationale is that improved process representation will result in parameters, which are easier to measure or estimate, and in improved model performance and robustness. However, this is not necessarily so. Studies show that characterizing surface properties is fraught with difficulties, as determining representative parameterizations in non-trivial due to our inability to accurately measure land surface properties. Hence, data assimilation, whereby measurements are integrated with models, is increasingly used to keep hydrological models on track. The book is organized into five sections: (1) General SVAT modeling (9 papers); (2) SVAT and precipitation processes at large scale (7 papers); (3) Parameter estimation of large-scale hydrological models (12 papers); (4) Data assimilation in large-scale hydrological models (10 papers); and (5) Snow-vegetation interactions (10 papers).
For details of the papers and abstracts, see the IAHS web site: www.cig.ensmp.fr/~iahs
Price: GBP 59.50.
Role of Fertilizers in Sustainable Agriculture. Proceedings 12th International Symposium of the International Scientific Centre of Fertilizers (CIEC), 21-22 August 2000, Suceava Romania. C. Hera, E. Schnug, M. Dumitru and A. Dorneanu, editors. CIEC, Romanian Academy and Romanian National Branch of CIEC, Bucharest, 2001, 550 p. ISBN 973-8115-09-4. Hardcover.
The second part of the last century witnessed countless improvements in crop technology and the yields increased considerably. By increasing the yield per unit area, nutrient mining represents an alarming process, particularly when fertilizer consumption is decreasing. Fertilizers play and will further play a great role in maintaining and increasing soil fertility, crop productivity and meeting the increasing demand for food for the growing world population. Fertilizers should be utilized in accordance with soil fertility status, ecological conditions and nutrient crop demands. The papers published in these proceedings provide the latest information and achievements on fertilizer research, development and application, as tools for sustaining and increasing soil fertility and crop productivity. The contributions are arranged in the following themes: Session I, Nutrient management for quantitative and qualitative sustainable crop production (10 oral presentations and 11 posters); Session II, Fertilizer use efficiency-methods and techniques of fertilizer application (4 oral presentations and 8 posters); Session III, Nutrient balance the future fertilizers need for ecological sound and economic feasible sustainable crop production (5 oral presentations and 13 posters); Session IV, Fertilizers strategies in sustainable agriculture (4 oral presentations and 5 posters).
Price: USD 45.00.
Conservation Agriculture. Case studies in Latin America and Africa. FAO Soil Bulletin 78. Land and Plant Nutrition Management Service, Land and Water Development Division. FAO, Rome, 2001, 69 p. ISBN 92-5-104625-5. ISSN 0253-2050.
Empirical evidence has been accumulating that sustainable intensification of crop production is technically feasible and economically profitable. Added benefits are the improvement of the quality of the natural resources and the protection of the environment in currently unimproved or degraded areas, provided farmers participate fully in all stages of technology development and extension. This has led to what is called conservation agriculture . Three criteria, i.e. no mechanical soil disturbance, permanent soil cover and crop rotations, distinguish conservation agriculture from a conventional agriculture system. This publication demonstrates how conservation agriculture can increase crop production while reducing erosion and reversing soil fertility decline, thus improving rural livelihoods and restoring the environment in developing countries. The document is based on testimonies and experiences of farmers and extensionists in Latin America and Africa.
Note: the prices given are without mailing costs. Prices may vary per country.
Lecture Notes on the Major Soils of the World. World Soil Resources Reports 94. P. Driessen, J. Deckers, O. Spaargaren and F. Nachtergaele, editors. FAO, Rome, 2001, vi + 334 p. ISBN 92-5-104637-9. ISSN 0532-0488. Softcover. Plus CD-ROM produced by J.P. Lesschen and N. Witte.
After adoption of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) as a universal soil correlation tool by the International Union of Soil Sciences, the Reference Working Group has endeavoured to promote, test and improve the system further. The publication is a successor to Lecture Notes on the Major Soils of the World, edited by P.M. Driessen and R. Dudal and published in 1991. The aim of the publication is to make the WRB system available to all interested scientists at an affordable price and the publishers should be congratulated to make this available as a well-illustrated text with a very useful CD-ROM, containing additional data about profiles, analytical data and virtual field excursions. After introductory parts about the World Reference Base for Soil Resources, the 30 Reference Soil Groups, assembled in 10 sets, are treated in detail. Data given are the major landforms in which the soils occur, their definition, summary description and characteristics, regional distribution, associated soils, and some information about their management and use. In the annex are the key to the Reference Soil Groups; the descriptions of the diagnostic horizons, properties and material; the formative elements for naming soil units as subdivisions of the Reference Soil Groups (qualifiers); and how to use them. This publication is a very useful tool to facilitate the study of soils and the exchange of soil information, and provides a common language for soil science. The CD-ROM will become available in the course of this year.
Price: USD 30.00.
Note: the prices given are without mailing costs. Prices may vary per country.
Land Resources Information Systems in the Caribbean. Proceedings of a Subregional Workshop held in Bridgetown, Barbados, 2-4 October 2000. World Soil Resources Reports 96. FAO, Rome, 2001, 128 p. ISBN 92-5-104624-7. ISSN 0532-0488. Softcover.
This publication contains the proceedings of a workshop on Land and Water Resources Information Systems (LWRIS). The purpose of the meeting was to launch a Caribbean network and to promote the use of land and water resources information systems in the assessment, mapping, monitoring of land and water resources in this region. Seven resources persons contributed by sharing their experiences and assisted in the preparation of the plan of action to promote future reporting and exchange of information in the region. Each country reported on the progress in preparing its national report on the state of Land, Water and Plant nutrition resources, using FAO guidelines. The largest part of the publication contains these reports from 13 countries in the region. In the annex are the guidelines for the preparation of the said country reports, and the status of preparation of these reports.
Note: the prices given are without mailing costs. Prices may vary per country.
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000. Main Report. FAO Forestry Paper 140. FAO, Rome, 2001, xxvii + 479 p. ISBN 92-5-104642-5. ISSN 1020-6150. Softcover.
This assessment (FRA 2000) was the most comprehensive since FAO first reported on forest resources 50 years ago. FRA 2000 was based on the bottom-up approach, and supplemented by global level verification. The backbone of FRA 2000 was the data, information and knowledge provided by countries. This information was verified and supplemented with top-down studies and remote sensing analysis using the latest technology. Countries were then invited to review and comment on the outcome of the combined global analysis. This publication constitutes the principal report of FRA 2000. Part I presents the main findings on forest areas and area change, the results of studies on wood volume and biomass, plantations and other key parameters studied in FRA 2000. Part II presents findings organized by geographic (sub) region. Part III describes the methodologies and processes underpinning the assessment and the mapping processes used to obtain the global maps of forest cover and ecological zones. Also described is the development of a comprehensive Forestry Information System (FORIS). Part IV summarizes the conclusions of the assessment, reviews the process and presents recommendations for future efforts. More detailed data by country are posted in the country profiles on the FAO Forestry website: www.fao.org/forestry.
Price: USD 40.00.
Note: the prices given are without mailing costs. Prices may vary per country.
Reisef hrer Zu den B den Deutschlands. B den sehen B den begreifen.
(Guide to Soils in Germany)
Umweltbundesamt, Berlin, Germany, 2001, 164 S., 52 Abb., 72 Fotos. (in German language).
Ziel der vorliegenden Ver ffentlichung ist es, einer breiteren ffentlichkeit in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland bodenwissenschaftliches Anschauungsmaterial nahezu bringen. Es wird versucht, die B den einzelner Landschaften in ihrer Entstehung, ihrer Nutzung und ihrer Schutzw rdigkeit auch Nicht-Fachwissenschaftlern in einer im Freiland anschaubaren und anfassbaren Form nahe zu bringen und damit zu einer Erweiterung des allgemeinen Boden-Bewusstseins beizutragen.
In bersichtlicher Form, gegliedert nach den einzelnen Bundesl ndern, werden insgesamt 49 Standorte geschildert. Bei ihnen handelt es sich insbesondere um Bodenprofil-Lehrpfade (18 Standorte), um Bodenprofil-Einzelaufschl sse (19 Standorte) sowie um Bodenprofil-Sammlungen, Bodenmuseen, Bodendenkm ler u.a. Neben den notwendigen Hinweisen auf die topographische Lage der einzelnen Standorte, auf die Anreisem glichkeit mit Bus, Bahn oder Auto und auf die Kontaktadressen der jeweiligen Betreuer werden im Text vor allem die einzelnen Boden-Objekte selbst kurz dargestellt und die Zusammenh nge zwischen den betreffenden B den und dem jeweiligen Landschaftsraum ausf hrlich behandelt. Bei den gezeigten Objekten handelt es sich nicht nur um naturnahe, urspr ngliche Bodenbildungen, deren Genese und Eigenschaften erl utert werden, sondern auch um k nstliche B den (etwa an Industriestandorten, in St dten, usw.), deren Problematik er rtert und sichtbar gemacht werden soll, und um Archivb den, die arch ologisch interessante Merkmale aufweisen, sowie um Bodensch den (etwa durch Erosion). Auf einige grenznahe Objekte im benachbarten Staaten wird gesondert verwiesen (Niederlande, Schweiz), ferner auf Wanderausstellungen, die teilweise auch ausgeliehen werden k nnen. Ein ausf hrliches Glossar sowie ein (gewiss noch erweiterungsf higes) Literaturverzeichnis runden die Publikation ab. In zuk nftigen Auflagen w ren eine Liste mit einschl gigen Internet-Adressen wie auch Hinweise auf Film- und Video-Material sicher sehr n tzlich. Der Text soll dazu dienen, geplante Besuche dieser Standorte durch Einzelpersonen oder durch Gruppen (etwa Schulklassen) vorzubereiten und nicht zuletzt auch Lehrpersonen ein geeignetes Informationsmaterial an die Hand zu geben. Es ist bekannt, wie rasch bodenkundliche Aufschl sse (ebenso wie viele geologische Aufschl sse) dem Verfall, dem Zuwachsen durch Pflanzen und der mutwilligen Zerst rung anheim fallen. Den Betreuern der Lehrpfade ist deshalb insbesondere zu w nschen, dass ihre Bem hungen um Offenhaltung und st ndige, fachkundige Pflege der Anlagen und der Erl uterungs-Einrichtungen im Gel nde von Erfolg gekr nt bleiben. Dies erfordert neben pers nlichem Engagement auch finanzielle Mittel, die oft nur durch m hsame Aufkl rungsarbeit bei politischen Entscheidungstr gern bereitgestellt werden k nnen. Dieser zukunftsweisenden Publikation ist nicht nur ein nachhaltiger Erfolg zu w nschen, sondern auch eine n tzliche Vorreiter-Rolle, die zu hnlichen Versuchen in anderen Staaten f hren kann.
This publication aims at spreading knowledge of soils on a visual basis to a broader public in the Federal Republic of Germany. Soils of particular regions in Germany are presented most of them accessible in the field with emphasis on their genesis, utilization and need of protection. It is hoped that even non-scientists might become aware of soils as an important natural body. A detailed glossary and a list of literature on soils are included. Altogether 49 sites in various federal states of Germany are listed, covering teaching paths (soil pit sequences in the field) (18 sites), single soil pits (19 sites) and profile collections, soil museums and other items. Besides information on the topographic situation, the itinerary by road or rail and contact addresses of supervisors, the soil objects are briefly characterized, and their context with landscape and environment is dealt with in more detail. The soil objects do not cover only natural soils and their genesis, but also man-made soils such as influenced by industrial and urban activities. Also sites of archaeological interest and soil erosion phenomena are dealt with. The publication is meant to assist in planning visits by single visitors as well as by groups (e.g. school classes). Teaching staff might find useful information. It is well known that open soil pits (as well as geological exposures) tend to become destroyed by nature as well as by vandalism rather rapidly. Hence it is hoped that the caretakers of the sites remain successful in their continuous attempt to keep the pits and the accompanying information not only open and accessible, but in a good condition. Besides personal commitment, financial support will be required, and this of course needs laborious educational work among political decision makers. It is hoped that this publication not only helps to increase general knowledge of soils in Germany but might serve as a stimulus towards similar endeavours in other countries.
Preis / Price: kostenfrei / free of charge.
Bezug/Requests to: Umweltbundesamt, Abt. II 5 Boden, Postfach 330022, D-14191 Berlin, Germany. Fax: +49-30-89032912.
Bodenschutz in der Bauleitplanung - Vorsorgeorientierte Bewertung
herausgegeben vom Bundesverband Boden e. V. (BVB), vom Fachausschuss 3.1 "Bewertung von B den in der Bauleitplanung" Reihe BVB-Materialien, Band 6, 102 S, kartoniert, ISBN 3 503 09995 4, 2001.
Baut tigkeit ist eine der gr ten Einschr nkungen nat rlicher Bodenfunktionen und unterliegt daher, dem Geltungsbereich des Deutschen Bodenschutzgesetzes. F r einen nachhaltigen Bodenschutz ist daher eine umfassende Bodenbewertung im Rahmen einer qualifizierten Abw gung im Planungsverfahren notwendig. Die hierbei entwickelten Leitlinien sind Empfehlungen und Vorschl ge auf der Grundlage des vorsorgenden Bodenschutzes. Auf ihrer Basis k nnen verantwortliche Fachleute aus Ingenieurb ros, Verb nden und staatlichen Institutionen die Bauleitplanung unter Ber cksichtigung von Bodenschutzaspekten gestalten.
Zu beziehen bei: Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, Bielefeld, M nchen
Preis: 20,35 Euro
Verwertung von Abf llen in und auf B den III - Konkretisierung von Regelwerken im Bodenschutz- und Abfallrecht
von Dr Claus G. Bannick, Dr. Heinz-Ulrich Bertram, Dr. Peter Dreher und Dr. Wilhelm K nig. Reihe BVB-Materialien, Band 7, 212 S., kartoniert, ISBN 3 505 06003 0, 2001.
Auf- und Einbringen von Materialien auf und in den Boden werden im Bodenschutzrecht, im Abfallrecht, im D ngemittel- und im Bergrecht sowie in weiteren Vorgaben behandelt. In den vergangenen Jahren wurden von verschiedenen Arbeitsgruppen Regelungen entwickelt, die die entsprechenden Rechtsvorschriften erl utern und die ihrerseits wieder Bundesgesetzregelungen beeinflusst haben. Dieser Band versucht den durch die neuen gesetzlichen Regelungen ausgel sten Informationsbedarf zu decken und stellt eine wertvolle Erg nzung im Sinne einer praktikablen Umsetzung bestehender Regelwerke dar.
Zu beziehen bei: Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, Bielefeld, M nchen.
Preis: 36,80 Euro
Praxiserfahrungen zur Anwendung des Bodenschutzrechts - Abgrenzungsfragen, erg nzende Regelungen, Fallbeispiele
Herausgegeben von Dr. Wilhelm K nig, Redaktion: J rg Leisner-Saaber in der Reihe BVB-Materialien, Band 8, 220 S., kartoniert, 2001, ISBN 3 503 06047 2
Diese Ver ffentlichung enth lt Vortr ge einer Veranstaltung im September 2000 ber "Altlasten Bodenschutz" und umfasst das gesamte Spannungsfeld vom vorsorgenden Bodenschutz bis hin zu technischen Fragen der Altlastensanierung. Hierbei wurden durch namhafte Referenten erg nzende Regelungen zum Bodenschutzrecht, Bodenschutz und Altlasten im Bauplanungs- und Bauordnungsrecht, Umgang mit sch dlichen Bodenver nderungen sowie Sanierung von Altlasten ausf hrlich behandelt. Die Publikation ist daher ein wesentlicher Beitrag zur Abkl rung von rechtlichen und fachlichen Fragen in den oben genannten Anwendungsbereichen.
Zu beziehen bei: Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, Bielefeld, M nchen
Preis: Euro 36,80
Nachweis von Umweltchemikalien - Auswerte- und Interpretationsmethoden f r Toxizit tsdaten aus einer kotoxikologischen Testkombination
von Helga Neumann-Hensel, Dr. Fintelmann, Dr. Meyer, Wolfgang Ahlf und Volker Wachend rfer. Reihe: Initiativen zum Umweltschutz, Band 29, 111 S., kartoniert, 2001, ISBN 3 503 06019 7
Umweltchemikalien gelangen durch menschliche Aktivit ten in die Umwelt, wobei sie in Konzentrationen auftreten k nnen, die umwelt- sowie humantoxikologisch bedenklich sind. - Vorliegendes Buch befasst sich vor allem mit biologischen Nachweismethoden zum Nachweis toxischer Wirkungen von Bodenverunreinigungen. kotoxikologische Verfahren k nnen jedoch komplexe Bodenbelastungen nur vollst ndig diagnostizieren, wenn sie zu einem Testset kombiniert werden. Die Ergebnisse m ssen in ihren Wechselbeziehungen interpretiert werden und bilden somit die Bewertungsgrundlage f r kotoxikologische Risiken. Vorliegende Ver ffentlichung stellt erstmalig Auswerte- und Interpretationsmethoden der so gewonnenen komplexen Daten vor und ist daher ein wesentlicher Schritt vorw rts im Nachweis von bodenbelastenden Umweltchemikalien.
Zu beziehen bei: Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, Bielefeld, M nchen.
Preis: 24,00 Euro
Verwertung von Abf llen in und auf B den II. Anforderungen aus rechtlicher und technischer Sicht. Bearbeitet von Dr. Claus Gerhard Bannick, Dr. Heinz-Ulrich Bertram, Dr. Peter Dreher und Dr. Wilhelm K nig. Reihe: BVB-Materialien, Band 5,
2000, 233 Seiten, 14,4x21 cm, kartoniert.
Im vorliegenden Werk wird die Verwertung von Abf llen in und auf B den in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland behandelt, wobei 6 des Bundesbodenschutzgesetzes sowie 12 der Bundesbodenschutzverordnung die materiellen Anforderungen beim Auf- und Einbringen von Materialien in und auf B den regeln. Dies gilt insbesondere f r die Anwendung im Garten- und Landschaftsbau, sowie bei der Rekultivierung. F r andere Bereiche, wie z.B. Landwirtschaft sieht 3 des Bundesbodenschutzgesetzes vor, dass Spezialregelungen konkurrierender Vorschriften Vorrang gegen ber den Regelungen des Bodenschutzrechtes haben. Die Bundesbodenschutzverordnung wird bereits in vielen Bereichen erfolgreich angewandt, wie ein Beispiel in den Regelwerken der L nderarbeitsgemeinschaften Bodenschutz (LABO) und Abfall (LAGA) sowie des L nderausschusses Bergbau (LAB) bei der Festlegung von Obergrenzen f r Schadstoffgehalte bei dem Auf und Einbringen von Materialien gem den Vorsorgewerten zeigt. Die Ver ffentlichung wurde von Fachleuten aus Verwaltung, Arbeitsgemeinschaften und Forschungseinrichtungen zusammengestellt und enth lt relevante Konzepte sowie aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse.
Preis: DM 78 / _ 39,88 / ATS 569 / SFr 70,50
zu beziehen von: Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co, Viktoriastr. 44 A, 33602 Bielefeld, Deutschland.
Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, Second edition. S.E. Manahan. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, London, 2001, xvi + 1006 p. ISBN 1-56670-491-X. Hardcover.
This book is written with two major objectives in mind. The first is to provide a reader having little or no background in chemistry with the fundamentals of chemistry needed for a trade, profession, or curriculum of study that requires a basic knowledge of these topics. The second objective is to provide a basic coverage of modern environmental chemistry. This is done within a framework of industrial ecology and an emerging approach to chemistry that has come to be known as green chemistry - the practice of chemistry that minimizes the use of raw materials and producing little or no waste. This book gives the reader a basic coverage in the following subjects: matter and the basis of its physical nature and behavior; organic and biological chemistry; chemistry of water, air and soil; industrial chemistry; toxicological chemistry as it pertains to occupational health and human exposure to pollutants and toxicants; energy, nuclear energy, and nuclear waste; environmental and xenobiotics analysis for monitoring pollutants and toxic substances in the environment and living organisms.
Price: GBP 30.00.
Orders to: see below.
Environmental Restoration of Metals-Contaminated Soils. I.K. Iskander, editor. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, London, 2001, vii + 304 p. ISBN 0-56670-457-X. Hardcover.
During the last decades, phenomenal progress has been made in several areas of biology, ecology, health, and environmental geochemistry of heavy metals in soils. Prior to the 1960s, research was focused on enhancing the plant uptake or availability of selected heavy metals or minor elements from the soil. More recently, concerns regarding heavy metals contamination in their environment affecting all ecosystem components, including aquatic and terrestrial systems, have been identified with increasing efforts on limiting their bioavailability in the vadose zone. Many sites have been identified as hazardous waste sites because of the presence of elevated concentrations of heavy metals. Unlike organic contaminants that can be destroyed through treatment technologies, metal contaminants cannot. They will remain a threat to the environment until they are removed or immobilized. Because of the concerns regarding the role of heavy metals in the environment, a series of conferences was held to explore the emerging issues of the biogeochemistry of trace elements in the environment. In June 1997, the Fourth International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements was held in Berkeley. The contributions in this book were presented at this conference. The book has 14 chapters, the first eight deal with the physical and chemical methods and processes for soil remediation, the other six focus on selected biological methods and processes for remediation.
Price: GBP 47.00.
A Course in Mathematical and Statistical Ecology. Theory and Decisions Library, series B, Mathematical and Statistical Methods, volume 42. A. Gore and S. Paranjpe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, 2001, xi + 286 p. ISBN 0-7923-6715-4. Hardcover.
As the world enters the new millennium, mankind faces a series of new problems, many of them created by man himself. These include overpopulation, air and water pollution, global warming, accumulation of greenhouse gases, damage to the ozone layer and loss of biodiversity. One of the consequences is an enhanced interest in sciences connected with these problems. Ecology is a field that is useful in understanding many of these problems. The primary audience of this book is graduate or senior undergraduate students in mathematics and statistics. They will be able to see how basic tools in their disciplines can be employed to elucidate seemingly intricate issues in ecology. Ecological aspects are discussed just enough to motivate the particular quantitative technique. The book touches upon all major areas in the field of ecology. Beginning with classical mathematical models for population dynamics and their use in population management and harvesting, it covers the traditional as well as the most recent nonstandard methods of abundance estimation. The study of biodiversity is discussed at length. The last chapter is on models for animal and plant behaviour.
Price: EUR 127.00, USD 138.00, GBP 87.00.
Orders to: see below.
Geostatistics for Environmental Scientists. R. Webster and M.A. Oliver. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, New York, 2001, xi + 271 p. ISBN 0-471-96553-7. Hardcover.
This book is published in the series Statistics in Practice, edited by V. Barnett. It is a series of texts, which provide detailed coverage of statistical concepts, methods and worked case studies in specific fields of investigation and study. The present book is a completely rewritten successor to the book Statistical Methods in Soil and Land Resource Surveys, written by the same authors and published in 1990. Most of the material that has been included in this new book is straightforward linear geostatistics using least-squares estimation. The theory and techniques have been around in mineral exploration and petroleum engineering for some three decades. For most of that time environmental scientists could not see the merits of the subject or appreciate how to apply it to their own problems, because of the context, the jargon and the mathematical presentation of the subject by many authors. This has changed in the last few years as soil scientists, hydrologists, ecologists, geographers and environmental engineers see that the technology is for them, if only they knew how to apply it. The authors have tried to satisfy that need. The book starts with sampling, followed by data screening, summary and display. It considers some of the empirical methods that have been used for mapping, and then it introduces the theory of random processes, spatial covariances, and the variogram, which is central to practical geostatistics. Practicioners will learn how to estimate the variogram, what models they may use legitimately to describe it mathematically, and how to fit them. There is a brief excursion into the frequency domain to show the equivalence of covariance and spectral analysis. The book then returns to the principal reason for geostatistics, local estimation by kriging. Coregionalization is introduced as a means of improving estimates of a primary variable when data on one or more other variables are to hand or can be readily obtained, and the final chapter introduces disjunctive kriging, a non-linear method of prediction for decision-making.
Price: USD 95.00.
Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter. R.M. Rees, B.C. Ball, C.D. Campbell and C.A. Watson, editors. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, 2001, xx + 440 p. ISBN 0-85199-465-2. Hardcover.
The functioning of soils and their ability to supply nutrients, store water, release greenhouse gases, modify pollutants, resist physical degradation and produce crops within a sustainable management system is profoundly influenced by their organic matter content. This volume has been developed from papers presented at an international conference, held by the British Society of Soil Science in Edinburgh in September 1999. Around 200 delegates from over 20 countries attended this successful meeting. It contains papers in the following sections: (1) Organic matter and sustainability (2 papers); (2) modelling soil organic matter dynamics global challenges (6 papers); (3) Soil organic matter management (15 papers); (4) The role of soil organic matter and manures in sustainable nutrient cycling (15 papers); (5) Implications of soil biodiversity for sustainable organic matter management (5 papers); and (6) Soil teeming with life: New frontiers for soil science (1 paper). All sections have an introduction to the issue.
Price: GBP 65.00, USD 120.00.
The Rhizosphere. Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil-Plant Interface. Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment. R. Pinton, Z. Varanini and P. Nannopieri, editors. Marcel Dekker, New York and Basel, 2001, viii + 424 p. ISBN 0- 8247-0427-4. Hardcover.
The research on plant-soil interaction is focused on the processes that take place in the rhizosphere. Many of these processes can control plant growth, microbial infections, and nutrient uptake. Organic compounds released by plant roots and microorganisms dominate the rhizosphere. Furthermore, stable components or soil organic matter, namely, humic and fulvic substances, can influence both plant and microorganism metabolism. A variety of compounds are present in the rhizosphere, and they range from low-molecular-weight root exudates to high-molecular-weight humic substances. The biochemistry and biochemistry of these substances are becoming more and more clear, and their study promises to shed light on the complex interaction between plant and soil microflora. The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of recent advances in this field and suggest further lines of investigation. As an interdisciplinary approach is necessary to study such a complex matter, the book presents a good opportunity to summarize information concerning agronomy, soil science, plant nutrition, plant physiology, microbiology, and biochemistry. The book is therefore intended for advanced students, and researchers in agricultural, biological and environmental sciences interested in deepening their knowledge of the subject and/or developing new experimental approaches in their specific field of interest.
Price: USD 175.00.
Orders to: see below.
Soil and Environmental Analysis. Physical Methods. Second edition, Revised and Expanded. Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment. K.A. Smith and Chr. Mullins, editors. Marcel Dekker, New York and Basel, 2001, viii + 637 p. ISBN 0-8247-0414-2. Hardcover.
This is the second edition of Soil Analysis: Physical Methods, published in 1991. It retains all of the topics covered in the first edition. Each chapter has been totally revised, to take into account new developments, and new material has been added, e.g. on the measurement of infiltration, the measurement of soil strength and friability, and field methods of assessment of soil physical conditions. While some topics have undergone relatively little change in terms of the available methods or instrumentation, some have changed considerably. The measurement of soil water, which has such an important role in soil physics and which underwent such a change when the neutron probe was developed, can now be undertaken with other sophisticated instruments. For example, time domain reflectometry (TDR) and frequency domain systems, which share with the neutron method the desirable feature of allowing nondestructive measurements at the same site to study temporal variations, now provide a reliable alternative to the neutron probe, while avoiding the problems of radiation protection. The widespread availability and use of data loggers has also transformed the approach to many measurements, particularly water content, matric potential, penetrometry, and soil thermal properties, and placed a greater emphasis on the instruments which can be logged. The book is aimed at the researcher or adviser working in environmental science, soil science, or a related field. It is well illustrated with figures.
Price: USD 195.00.
Scaling the Land Use System. A modelling approach with case studies for Central America. K. Kok. PhD thesis, Wageningen University, 2001, vii + 155 p. ISBN 90-5808-355-1. Softcover.
This thesis describes and discusses the application of a land use change model that quantitatively accounts for various aspects of scale . The unique aspect of the model is its aim to apply a multi-scale methodology as opposed to a theoretical elaboration on the existence of the scale-effect . The overall objective of this project is to analyse the scale sensitivity of land use modelling. It is also shown how different parts of the model function, how model results can be interpreted and validation results be discussed. The thesis applies the land use change model to Central America, in which main land use change processes are in many ways complementary to particularly the study areas of Verburg (China and Java), which are presented in his thesis. (P.H. Verburg. Exploring the spatial and temporal dynamics of land use, Wageningen University, 2000). The main reaction of land use in Central America to the fast growing demand for agricultural products is an area expansion, which results in a continuing deforestation. Past, present and future developments of land use and its drivers are discussed. The thesis is intended to add to the general understanding of modelling the land use system, and will keep alive the discussion about how to model land use best.
Another related thesis is G.H.J. de Koning. Spatially explicit analysis of land use change: a case study for Ecuador. Wageningen University, 1999.
GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques in Land- and Water-management. A. van Dijk and M.G. Bos, editors. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, 2001, ix + 92 p. ISBN 0-7923-6788-X. Hardcover.
Managing land and water is a complex affair and man has constantly to make decisions to allocate and use these natural resources. Decision and action in any use of resources often have strong interactions and side effects on others, and it is therefore important to forecast and monitor the impacts of the decisions. Compulsory for forecasting and monitoring are reliable information and clear data manipulation procedures. Remote sending has considerable potential to provide reliable information, while GIS is an easy tool to manipulate and analyse the data. This book describes in seven practical examples how GIS and remote sensing techniques are applied in land- and water-management successfully.
Price: USD 44.00, GBP 30.00, EUR 50.00.
Physical and Chemical Processes of Water and Solute Transport/Retention in Soils. SSSA Special Publication number 56. H.M. Selim and D.L. Sparks, editors. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 2001, 280 p. ISBN 0-89118-835-5. Softcover.
The subject of water and solute transport in porous media is one of the most fascinating areas of science. Tremendous advances have been recently made in understanding the soil physical/chemical processes of water and solute transport/retention in soils. The transport and retention of water, nutrients, and inorganic and organic contaminants in the environment is greatly affected by physical and chemical processes and reactions in porous media such as soils. To understand and model these processes/reactions, it is important that multiple scales ranging from the landscape to the molecular be investigated. Over the past decade numerous developments at multiple scales, have occurred in the soil, physical, and environmental sciences. These developments, which are discussed in this book, include: employment of fractal and spatial heterogeneity analyses in describing transport phenomena; development of sophisticated molecular models; use of in situ spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to elucidate reaction mechanisms and models in soils; and, inclusion of time-dependent phenomena in predicting solute transport/retention is soils. This publication presents the state-of-the-art on physicochemical processes of water/solute transport/retention.
Price: USD 60.00. Advance payment and 10% per book for postage is required on all orders outside the USA.
Orders to: see below.
Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect. SSSA Special Publication number 57. R. Lal, editor. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 2001, xvii + 236 p. ISBN 0-89118-836-3. Softcover.
There is concern worldwide about increases in greenhouse gases and their potential effects on global climatic change. Carbon dioxide is increasing in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel combustion, cement manufacture, deforestation, land use change, and agricultural activities. Several attempts at balancing the global C budget have pointed out the so-called missing C . Some have attributed this missing C to absorption by the terrestrial ecosystems, primarily in North America. It is apparent, therefore, that terrestrial ecosystems in general, but world soils in particular, play an important role in the global C cycle. Depending upon land use, farming or cropping systems, tillage method, or other soil management practices, soil can be a major source or sink for the atmospheric CO2. There are several land uses, farming systems, and management practices that render soil as a net sink for the atmospheric CO2. Such land uses and management practices are specific to soils and ecoregions, and need to be validated and adapted for site-specific situations. Further, the rates of soil C sequestration with recommended management practices also differ among soil types and conditions, and need to be determined. The importance of the strategy of soil C sequestration cannot be overemphasized. At present, it is the most cost-effective short-term option of reducing the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. Further, enhancement of soil organic C has numerous ancillary benefits, including improvement in soil structure, increase in soil buffering and water and nutrient retention capabilities, decrease in risks of soil erosion, and increase in agronomic productivity. Soil C sequestration is a byproduct of recommended agricultural practices for achieving food security. This publication delivers research information on soil C sequestration from croplands, rangelands, and set-aside lands in North America.
Price: USD 60.00. Advance payment and 10% per book for postage required on all orders outside the USA.
Orders to: see below.
Impacts of El Ni o and Climate Variability on Agriculture. ASA Special Publication number 63. C. Rosenzweig, K. Boote, S. Hollinger, A. Iglesias and J. Phillips, editorial committee. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 2001, xvii + 126 p. ISBN 0-89118-148-2. Softcover.
This publication is the proceedings of a symposium held in Beltsville, October 1998. It is evident that seasonal weather at any specific location is strongly influenced by major climate variability systems such as the El Ni o-Southern Oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Predictive models using knowledge of these phenomena have been developed that permit seasonal weather forecasts for regions of the earth. Can these seasonal forecasts be used for decision-making by crop producers? Reasonable accurate climate predictions would allow producers and others to mitigate the negative impacts of El Ni o events while attempting to maximize the crop production potential of seasons having favorable rainfall and temperature regimes. This publication contains papers that evaluate the impacts of climate variability on crop production and the potential of using climate forecasts for enhancing agricultural production.
Price: USD 36.00. Advance payment and 10% per book for postage is required on all orders outside the USA.
Shifting Ground. The changing agricultural soils of China and Indonesia. P.H. Lindert. The MIT Press, Cambridge and London, 2001, xii + 351 p. ISBN 0-262-12227-8. Hardcover.
In this book the environmental concerns are evaluated about soil degradation in two very large countries, where anecdotal evidence has suggested serious problems. Using new archival data sets, changes in soil productivity are shown in China and Indonesia over long enough periods to reveal the influence of human activity. These countries are good test case because of their geography and history. China has been at the centre of global concerns about desertification and water erosion, which it may have accelerated through intenseve agriculture. Most of Indonesia s lands were created by volcanoes and erosion, and its rapid deforestation and shifting slash-and-burn agriculture have been singled out for international censure. The author s investigation suggests that human mismanagement is not on average worsening the soil quality in these countries. Human cultivation lowers soil nitrogen and organic matter, but has offsetting positive effects. Beyond the importance of the immediate findings contained in this book, it opens a new area of study quantitative soil history and raises the standard for debating soil trends.
Price: GBP 30.95.
Cover Crops in Smallholder Agriculture. Lessons from Latin America. S. Anderson, S. G ndel and B. Pound, with B. Triomphe. ITDG Publishing, London, 2001, xii + 136 p. ISBN 1-85339-530-7. Softcover.
In the last chapter of this publication, the authors arrive at the following purpose-oriented definition of cover crops: A cover crop is the live soil-surface cover used as a temporal or spatial component in annual or perennial cropping and agroforestry systems for fulfilling one, or several, purposes including weed management, soil productivity restoration and maintenance, the provision of livestock feed and/or human food, and diversification of income options.
Cover crops have the potential to be an important component in complex, diverse, risk-prone and resource-poor farming situations Lessons learned in Latin America about the use and dissemination of these crops in different agroecosystems deserve to be made widely available to those involved in rural development projects and applied research in English-speaking as well as Spanish-speaking regions. This publication features case studies from four countries in Latin America, which address key issues regarding cover crop integration in smallholder agricultural systems. A wide range of agroecosystems is covered, enabling the information to be adapted for use in other regions. Each chapter addresses a different theme, including: the value of cover crops as food, feed and forage; land husbandry with cover crops; farmer experimentation and diffusion of cover crop innovations; and research strategies for cover crop innovations. The different facets of cover crops cannot be treated separately from each other. The book discusses the crosscutting nature of the various aspects of cover crops and concludes with a discussion of future strategies regarding cover crop integration into smallholder agricultural systems.
Price: GBP 12.95, USD 22.50.
Agro-Silvo-Pastoral Land Use in Sahelian Villages. Advances in Geoecology 33. L. Stroosnijder and T. van Rheenen. Catena Verlag, Reiskirchen, 2001, x + 408 p. ISBN 3-923381-45-X. Hardcover.
Wageningen University began interdisciplinary research in the Sahel in 1975 following alarming signs of drought and the subsequent famine. Results of a biotic study on Primary Production in the Sahel (PPS) carried out in Mali showed that rainfed production of silvo-pastoral areas with more than 400 mm annual rainfall was constrained by poor availability of plant nutrients. This conclusion was in contrast with the then prevailing public opinion that low rainfall and drought were the main causes of low agricultural productivity and famine. After the PPS study numerous other studies were conducted and training given. Many research documents were synthesized in various books. The aim of these activities was ultimately to raise the standard of living of the rural population by increasing productivity of the silvopastoral areas, the major source of income and security apart from (subsistence) cropping of millet and sorghum. In 1992, Wageningen University formulated and funded a seven-year interdisciplinary research programme on agro-silvo-pastoral land use in Sahelian villages. It is the aim of this book to summarize and synthesize data and observations obtained during this period. A state of the art understanding, and newly developed concepts concerning the actors, natural resources and land use involved, is presented together with the collected information that led to these concepts. The procedure followed to integrate this knowledge is subsequently explained. This approach was then used to derive an answer to the interdisciplinary research question that was the starting point of the research, namely: Under which economic and social conditions are Sahelian villages able and willing to improve the productivity of heir natural resources and subsequently use and manage them sustainably? The field research was conducted in three provinces in three different socio-ecological zones. Chapter 1 introduces agro-silvo-pastoral land use in Sahelian villages from a systems perspective. In the following three chapters a state of the art understanding concerning actors, natural resources and land use practices is presented. In chapter 5 the manner in which a land use analysis approach can be used is shown. The Epilogue puts the reader in a reflective mood. What have we learnt? And indeed an even more important question: where do we see challenges ahead? The book is well illustrated; the references are many, both in English and French.
Price: DEM 198.00, USD 141.
Orders to: see below.
Subsoil Compaction. Distribution, Processes and Consequences. Advances in Geoecology 32. R. Horn, J.H. van den Akker and J. Arvidsson, editors. Catena Verlag, Reiskirchen, 2001, vii + 462 p. ISBN 3-923381-44-1. Hardcover.
Subsoil compaction induced by compression and shearing is characterized as one of the most harmful and persisting degradation phenomena. During the last 3 tot 4 decades not only the mass of the agricultural and forestry machinery has been enlarged 3-4 fold, but also the frequency of wheeling has increased by the same proportion. It is often reported that more than 30 Mha of farmland in Europe are irreversibly degraded by subsoil compaction, while worldwide more than 80 Mha are deformed as a result of such non site and time adjusted agricultural and/or perhaps also forest management strategies. Although many of the effects, which cause e.g. a reduced pentration of roots, infiltration of water, aeration and delayed nutrient adsorption and desorption phenomena, are already well known, often described and partly explained monocausaly, there is still an urgent need to get a more complete insight in the processes and the restrictions to the applied prediction models. Processes inside unsaturated aggregated soils and their pore systems during soil compaction and shearing have to be more completely understood, defined and also related as coupled processes to the changes in physical, chemical and biological properties in the three phase soil systems in order to get more complete process-oriented knowledge and information for defining prevention strategies and recommendation for a site-adjusted and sustainable land use. Especially the discussions about vulnerability, economics, and even climatic (global) change aspects require not only more specific research under defined laboratory and field conditions, but also the intense discussion amongst scientists from various disciplines. These issues were discussed during three workshops in March 1999, and the present book contains a section of the papers and posters presented. These cover the topics: Theory (10 papers); Modeling (11 papers); Properties (17 papers); Distribution (7 papers); and Methods (6 papers). All chapters have a preface.
Price: DEM 198.00, USD 141.00.
Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management. Ecological Studies 150. J. Belnap and O.L. Lange, editors. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2001, xviii + 503 p., with 141 figures, 64 in colour, and 30 tables. ISBN 3-540-41075-9. ISSN 0070-8356. Hardcover.
In arid and semiarid lands throughout the world, where the cover of vegetation is sparse or absent, the open spaces between the higher plants are generally not bare of anthropic life, but covered by a community of highly specialized organisms. This soil-surface community consists of cyan bacteria, algae, lichens, mosses, micro fungi, and other bacteria in differing proportions. Cyanobacterial and micro fungal filaments, rhizome and rhizomorphs of lichens, and the rhizinae and protonemata of bryophytes weave throughout the top few millimeters of soil, gluing loose soil particles together. This forms a crust to a few centimeters thick that stabilizes and protects soil surface from erosive forces. These crusts occur in all hot, cool, and cold-arid and semiarid regions of the world, and may constitute up to more than 70 percent of the living cover. Biological soil crusts have only recently been recognized as having a major influence on terrestrial ecosystems. This well-illustrated book has the following parts: (I) Taxonomic composition, Ecology and biogeography of soil-crust communities (12 papers); (!!) Heterotrophic components of soil crusts (2 papers); (III) Structure of biological soil crusts: microscale to landscape (3 papers); (IV) Biological soil crusts as an ecosystem component: carbon and nitrogen acquisition and interaction with vascular plants (4 papers); (V) Soil stability and hydrology as influence by soil crusts (5 papers); (VI) Disturbance to biological soil crusts: resistance, resilience and restoration (2 papers); (VII) Monitoring and management of biological soil crusts (4 papers); and (VIII) Conclusions.
The book contains a subject index and a taxonomic index.
Price: EUR 129.00, plus VAT.
Orders to: see below.
The Next Green Revolution. Essential Steps to a Healthy, Sustainable Agriculture. J.E. Horne and M. McDermott. Food Products Press, Binghamton, 2001, xix + 312 p. ISBN 1-56022-886-5. Softcover.
This is a practical introduction to sustainable agriculture from an American perspective. What does it mean and why is it needed? It synthesizes the goals of sustainable agriculture into eight steps soil health and erosion; water quality and use; organic waste management; crop and livestock adaptation; biodiversity; pest management; energy use; farm diversification; and profitability. It presents a convincing critique or the current agricultural system and an introduction to an alternative system, which gives more consideration to future generations. Interwoven are the authors reflections on social justice, quality of life, and how farmers and rural communities are inextricably linked.
For a complete list of contents, see the homepage www.haworthpress.com.
Price: USD 34.95; GBP 24.11.
Orders to: see below.
Allelopathy in Agroecosystems. R.K. Kohli, H.P. Singh and D.R. Batish, editors. Food Products Press, Binghamton, 2001, xvii + 447 p. ISBN 1-56022-091-0, softcover; 1-56022-090-2, hardcover.
Biochemical interactions between plants (allelopathy) and from plants to other organisms influence growth and development in communities. Scientists worldwide have recognized these biochemical activities because they offer alternative uses in agriculture, including decreased reliance on synthetic herbicides, insecticides, and nematocides. More than thirty different classes of secondary and natural products have been identified as allopathic compounds. These compounds either individually or combined in an array of compounds such as are founds in natural circumstances mediate these growth effects.
Allelopathy is a component of most natural communities and agroecosystems, but frequently it is unrecognized. The adverse effects may reduce production in agricultural fields and managed forest systems. There is a need for evaluating these allelochemical effects of prior plants, residues, associated plants, and autotoxicity that may occur in cropping systems. Allelopathic interactions in agricultural fields also influence soil microbial ecology, nutrient dynamics and various biotic and abiotic factors. Although several papers, reviews, compendia and books on the theme of allelopathy have already been written, its comprehensive status especially in relation to agroecosystems, has remained neglected. Further, the progress in this field has been so much that it requires regular update inviting thoughts on current issues of improving cropping pattern, tillage, crop protection and preservation of genetic diversity. The present book, also published as a special issue of the Journal of Crop Production, includes 20 chapters presenting a comprehensive treatise on the topic.
Price: softcover USD 54.95; hardcover USD 74.95.
Managing Organic Matter in Tropical Soils: Scope and Limitations. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences, volume 93. Proceedings of a Workshop organized by the Center for Development Research at the University of Bonn (ZEF Bonn) Germany, 7-10 June, 1999. C. Martius, H. Tiessen van P.L.G. Vlek, editors. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, 2001, 235 p. ISBN 1-4020-0455-9. Hardcover. Reprinted from Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 61, nos. 1-2, 2001.
Soil Organic matter is a reservoir for plant nutrients, provides water-holding capacity, stabilizes soil structure against compaction and erosion, and thus determines soil productivity. All agriculture to some degree depends on soil organic matter. It has long been known that soil organic matter declines when land is taken into cultivation, and that the productivity of new agricultural land is governed by fertility contributions from decomposing natural organic matter. The expansion of agriculture to ever new and more fragile lands, particularly in the tropical regions, causes environmental degradation with local effects on soil quality, regional effects on landscape integrity and water quality, and global effects on carbon cycles and the atmosphere. This book summarizes current knowledge of the properties and dynamics of soil organic matter in the tropics, its role in determining soil quality, its stability and turnover, and the options for management in the context of tropical landuse systems. Maintenance of organic matter is critical for preventing land degradation. Case studies and practical applications are therefore an important part of the book, as are the exploration of future directions in research and management.
Price: EUR 125; USD 116.00; GBP 78.00.
Orders to: The Americas: Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O.Box 358, Hingham, Accord Station, MA 02018-0358, USA. Fax: +1-781-681-9045. Elsewhere: Kluwer Academic Publishers, P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Fax: +31-78-6576474. Homepage: www.wkap.nl.
Landscape Ecology Applied in Land Evaluation, Development and Conservation. Some worldwide selected examples. Papers for the IALE: invited, selected and edited by D. van der Zee and I.S. Zonneveld. ITC Publication no. 81, IALE publication MM-1. ITC, Enschede, 2001, x + 412 p. ISBN 90-6164-197-7. Softcover.
The idea for this book was born at the third world congress in 1993 of the International Association of Landscape Ecology (IALE), where it was proposed to compose a book with papers about applied landscape ecology from countries other than that from North America and Europe, from where so far most of these studies had come. The papers should deal with land(scape) as a four-dimensional entity (not a study of soil or water or vegetation alone). Practical problems of use of the land(scape) should be dealt with, be it for production, conservation or habitation, linked to how the ecological (systems-) approach is appropriate to solve such problems. Common to all chapters in this book is the description of environmental problems related to change, degradation and the development of certain types of land(scape) use. In all papers the land is approached as a system, a complex of factors that cannot be studied in isolation. They differ, however, in the weight the authors have given to one or more special land attributes in which they are particularly interested, be it climate, water, soil or human action, etc. The first group of ten papers is a kaleidoscope of various land uses, their four-dimensional aspects and their influence on the landscape. In the second group, seven papers are gathered together that deal with landscape ecological study, especially in relation to a general policy such as development or conservation. In the third group one finds five writings that focus specifically on modeling methodology, in both the narrow as well as the wider applications in inventory, evaluation, management and policy.
Price: EUR 36.50, plus mailing costs.
People, Plants and Protected Areas. A guide to in-situ management. J. Tuxill and G.P. Nabhan. Earthscan Publications, London and Sterling, 2001, xiv + 248 p. ISBN 1-85383-782-2. Softcover.
Conservation of plant resources is often focused solely on seed banks and botanical gardens. This book presents a comprehensive conservation strategy that complements this ex situ approach with practical guidance on in situ management and conservation of plant resources. Drawing on concepts from forestry, agricultural sciences, anthropology, ecology and ethnobiology, this practical and multidisciplinary book facilitates better management of protected areas and illustrates new approaches to conservation of plants within their natural habitats. It highlights the collaboration necessary between the conservation professionals and local communities involved, and focuses on how to set priorities and plan for monitoring and evaluation of plant resource management.
Price: GBP 24.95.
Global Agro-ecological Assessment for Agriculture in the 21st Century. G. Fischer, M. Shah, H.van Velthuizen and F.O. Nachtergaele. IIASA, Laxenburg, 2001, 39 p. Softcover.
This report presents a summary of the methodology and results of a comprehensive global assessment of the world s agricultural ecology. The national-level information with global coverage enables knowledge-based decisions for sustainable agricultural development. The Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZ) approach is a GIS-based modeling framework that combines land evaluation methods with socioeconomic and multi-criteria analysis to evaluate spatial and dynamic aspects of agriculture. The results of the global AEZ assessment are estimated by grid cell and aggregated to national, regional and global levels. They include identification of areas with specific climate, soil and terrain constraints to crop production; estimates of the extent and productivity of rain fed and irrigated cultivable land and potential for expansion; quantification of cultivation potential of land currently in forest ecosystems; and impacts of climatic change on food production, geographical shifts of cultivable land, and implications for food security.
A complete description of the methodology can be found in the next publication, as well as at the FAO/IIASA CD-ROM, also announced below.
Orders to: IIASA, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Fax: +43-2236-71313. Homepage: www.iiasa.ac.at.
Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Land Degradation and Meeting of the IUSS Subcommission C Soil and Water Conservation (ICLD3) Rio de Janeiro, 17-21 September, 2001. A. Ramalho-Filho; S.C.F. Dechen; H. Eswaran; B. Madari; P.L.O. de A. Machado; A.A. Franco; M.F.C. Saldanha; M.E.C. Claessen; S.G. T sto. Embrapa Solos, Brazilian Soil Science Society, Rio de Janeiro, 2001. ISBN 85-85864-09-5, CD-ROM.
Land degradation is an important issue to all countries owing to its adverse impacts on land productivity, food security, climate change, environmental sustainability, and eventually the quality of life. The ICLD3 Conference provided a forum for discussions on factors and causes of land degradation and its impacts and consequences on land use and society. Exchange of ideas on new solutions using currently available knowledge and technology, and possibilities of national and international legal systems also took place during the meetings. The discussions were organized into eight symposia, which structure was adopted on the CD-ROM as well: Conceptual Framework, The Land Resource Base, Land Degradation Assessment, Case Studies of Land Degradation: Lessons Learned, Monitoring Land Quality and Global Climate Change, Conserving the Land, Rehabilitating Degraded Land, Regulating Sustainable Land Use.
Price: R$15.00 (Brazilian Reais)/USD$8.00 + postage, free to ICLD3 participants. Limited number of copies are available.
Rio de Janeiro, 10-4-2002
Dr.Antonio Ramalho-Filho, Embrapa Solos; Chairman of ICLD3
Dr.Be ta Madari, Embrapa Solos, Scientific Secretary of ICLD3
Soil Liquid Phase Composition. V.V. Snakin, A.A. Prisyazhnaya and E. Kov cz-L ng. Elsevier, Amsterdam, London, 2001, 316 p. ISBN 0-444-50675-6. Hardcover.
The liquid phase of soil (soil solution) is a very thin, penetrating and all-embracing water layer. It has the most extensive surface among the biosphere components and interacts with all these components. Investigation of the soil liquid phase can be of great significance in environmental research. According to the authors, the soil liquid phase investigations have not become an efficient instrument in ecology or applied soil science, despite extensive soil solution data. This is due to the difficulties in studying soil solutions in unchanged state, spatial heterogeneity of soil properties and dynamic composition of soil solutions responding to environmental changes. The present study is devoted to search and back-up of new approaches to soil liquid phase analysis and aims to find out the role of soil liquid phase in the functioning of natural and agricultural ecosystems in recent soil formation, formation of primary biological production, and in bio-geochemical turnover of elements. Direct investigation of soil liquid phase is the determination of the concentration (activity) of ions and redox potential in situ, while the analysis of soil solution implies that the solution is extracted from the soil. The authors have limited themselves mainly to the development of ideas and theories as well as certain results of Russian schools of soil science and ecology on problems of studying the soil liquid phase. The references contain mainly articles in Russian.
Price: EUR 125.00; USD 125.00.
Plant Nutrition. Food Security and Sustainability of agro-ecosystems through basic and applied Research. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences volume 92. Proceedings XIV International Plant Nutrition Colloquium, Hannover, 2001. W.J. Horst, M.K. Schenk, A. B rkert, et.al, editors. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, 2002, xxxviii + 1043 p. ISBN 0-7923-7105-4. Hardcover.
The International Plant Nutrition Colloquium in Hannover was the 14th in a series that started in 1954. This volume is a compilation of extended abstracts of all papers presented. These include two plenary lectures which address the role of plant nutrition in the sustainability of agro-ecosystems and production of enough high quality food to feed the growing world population. Papers are given in the following symposia: Genetics and molecular biology and plant nutrition (44 papers); Nutrient functions (40 papers); Nutrient uptake and translocation (28 papers); The role of apoplast in plant mineral nutrition (21 papers); Mineral nutrition: plant quality and plant health (42 papers); salinity and plant-soil-water relations (35 papers); mineral element toxicity and resistance (42 papers); Nutrient acquisition: mechanisms and modeling (43 papers); soil organisms/plant interactions (37 papers); Fertilizer use with regard to optimum yield and environment (99 papers); Nutrient dynamics in natural and agricultural ecosystems processes and modeling (36 papers); and: Plant nutrition and sustainable development (32 papers). The more than 500 contributions in these proceedings provide an excellent current state-of-the-art in plant nutrition research and its contribution to food security and agro-ecosystem sustainability while maintaining and enhancing environmental quality.
Price: EUR 370.00; USD 320.00; GBP 225.00.
Potassium and Chloride in Crops and Soils: The Role of Potassium Chloride Fertilizer in Crop Production. IPI Research Topics No. 22. U. Kafkafi, G. Xu, P. Imas, H. Magen and J. Tarchitzky. A.E. Johnston, editor. International Potash Institute, Basel, 2001, 220 p. Softcover.
This Bulletin is a comprehensive compilation of information covering the scientific and applied aspects of the use of potassium chloride (muriate of potash, MOP) in agriculture. The bulletin is primarily concerned with potassium chloride, because it accounts for some 92% of world potassium consumption in agriculture. The vast majority of crops are fertilized with potassium chloride, including field, horticultural and plantation crops. Nevertheless, there are combinations of soil and climate where the use of the chloride salt can exacerbate the damaging effects of salinity. There are crops, like tobacco, where chloride is known to impair quality. There is an increasing amount of evidence that the use of potassium sulphate improves the quality of some crops. On the other hand, there are crops like coconut and oil palm, where chloride additions are an important part of nutrient management, as also for a wide range of crops in areas where atmospheric deposition does not supply sufficient chloride.
This bulletin discusses the considerations in deciding which potassium fertilizer to use.
75 Jahre Deutsche Bodenkundliche Gesellschaft, 1926 2001. DBG Mitteilungen, Band 97, 2001. H.-P. Blume. Schriftleitung P. Hugenroth. Deutsche Bodenkundliche Gesellschaft, Oldenburg, 2001, 382 S. ISSN 0343-1071.
This is an excellent publication, in German, on the history of the German Soil Science Society (DBG), written by Prof. Hans-Peter Blume, who also played an important role in the IUSS. The DBG was established in Berlin in 1926, when 41 soil scientists became member. It was two years after the founding of the International Society of Soil Science, where it was decided that national societies could only be established in countries where more than 15 soil scientists were active. As was customary in other European countries, these persons were regarded as members of the national section of the ISSS. In the early years of the DBG only professors, directors of institutes and top scientists were participating in the meetings, many of whom were with the participation of well-known soil scientists from other countries. The ISSS apparently played a large role, also because of its journal Mitteilungen der Internationalen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft/ Proceedings of the International Society of Soil Science, and its supplement Bodenkundliche Forschungen/Soil Research, both edited and published in Berlin until 1944.
The publication gives comprehensive information about the development of soil science and its applications in Germany before WW II, in West and East Germany until 1989, and Germany until 2001. It illustrates the great influence of German soil scientists on global activities and developments in our science. Much attention is given to the activities of the Commissions and Working groups of the DBG. An interesting chapter presents bibliographies of important, mostly German soil scientists, including honorary members of the IUSS, corresponding members of the DBG and persons who have received the Fritz-Scheffer-Preis. The book is well-illustrated with many photographs, and forms a welcome contribution to the history of our science.
Price: EUR 10.00, including mailing charges. (only few copies are left!)
Identifying and Classifying Local Indicators of Soil Quality. E. Barrios, M. Bekunda, R. Delve, A. Esilaba and J. Mowo. Centro Internacional de Agricultura (CIAT), 2001. ISBN 958-694-013-6.
The increasing interest in local soil knowledge is largely due to the realization that farmer communities that have been interacting with their soils for a long time can provide many insights into the sustainable management of tropical soils. A participatory approach, in the form of a methodological guide, has been developed and used in Latin America and Africa to identify and classify local indicators of soil quality related to permanent and modifiable soil properties. This methodological tool aims to empower local communities to better manage their soil resources through improved decision making and monitoring of their environment. It is also designed to steer soil management towards developing practical solutions to identified soil constraints and monitoring the impact of the management strategies implemented to address such constraints. The methodological approach presented here constitutes one tool to capture local demands and perceptions of soil constraints as an essential guide to relevant research and development activities. A significant component of this approach is the collaboration between technical officers and farmers to build an effective communication channel with each other. The participatory process also places considerable emphasis on consensus building among farmers to determine those soil-related constraints that should be tackled first. Such consensus is an important step toward collective action by farming communities if improved soil management strategies are to be adopted at a landscape scale. Keywords: Soil fertility; Quality; Monitoring; Methods; Soil chemicophysical properties; Soil genesis; Decision making; Soil management; Natural resources; Resource management; Africa; Participatory research.
The publication can be downloaded from the internet www.ciat.cgiar.org/downloads/pdf/isq_contents.pdf
Soil Carbon Sequestration for Improved Land Management. World Soil Resources Report 96. M. Robert. FAO, Rome, 2001, xv + 57 p. ISSN 0532-0488, ISBN 92-5-104690-5. Softcover.
In the framework of the Kyoto Protocol, carbon sequestration to mitigate the greenhouse effect in the terrestrial ecosystem has been an important subject of discussion in numerous international meetings and reports. The present synthesis focuses on the specific role that soils of tropical and dryland areas can play in carbon sequestration and on the land management strategies involved. A review is made of carbon dynamics and the fundamental role of organic matter in the soils. To increase carbon sequestration in soils in the dryland and tropical regions, as a contribution to global atmospheric CO2 mitigation, new strategies and new practices in agriculture, pasture use and forestry, including conservation agriculture and agroforestry, are essential. Such practices should be facilitated particularly by the application of article 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol or a similar provision in the post-Kyoto treaty covering the additional activities in agriculture and forestry in the developing countries and by appropriate policies, and should be widely promoted. Some proposals are made concerning good land management practices for croplands, pastures and agroforestry in order to promote carbon sequestration a priority being their application to degraded lands. A method for monitoring and verifying the changes both in carbon sequestration and in the degree of degradation is proposed based on a soil-monitoring network.
Price: USD 12.00. Price varies per country.
Knowledge of the Land. Land resource information and its use in rural development. B. Dalal-Clayton and D. Dent. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, 2001, xviii + 428 p. ISBN 0-19-829601-0. Hardcover.
Planners and decision-makers today need to be in command of a broader range of tools and information then ever before. This book aims to show what is available in the way of natural resources information, and how it has been used (or not used) in planning and policymaking. For both methods and applications, the authors provide ample details for the reader to judge what data, skills, and procedures are required to meet their particular needs, and the references give guidance on where to find further information.There has been a notable shift in planning and rural development over the past decade. Technocratic, top-down approaches are still very much in evidence, but there has been an explosion of participatory initiatives. Although many institutions still cling to sectoral thinking, there is growing recognition that sustainable development involves a balance of environmental, social and economic considerations. This balance requires an interdisciplinary approach to the survey of natural resources, and to the use of the information acquired, in land evaluation, planning, environmental impact assessment, and the preparation of coherent strategies and policies for development. Both the old ways and the new bring insights crucial to meeting these challenges. Both provide invaluable methods of work. By bringing together the standard methods of resource assessment and planning, and new thinking and emerging techniques, this book will help all practitioners to bridge the gap between the two. A sample of 9 pages is available in PDF at www.oup.co.uk/pdf/0-19-829601-0.pdf.
Price: GBP 65.00.
THAT S IT FOR 2001!