There are over 100,000 different types of soil in the world.

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The International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) is the global union of soil scientists. The objectives of the IUSS are to promote all branches of soil science, and to support all soil scientists across the world in the pursuit of their activities. This website provides information for IUSS members and those interested in soil science.

10th Congress of Soil Science, Tandojam, Pakistan

The 10th Congress of Soil Science, organized by the Soil Science Society of Pakistan, was held at the Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, March 16-19, 2004. Its theme was Management of natural resources for food security. The Congress was participated by 300 soil scientists and agronomists, including 21 participants from India, Bangladesh, Iran, and Russia. Congratulatory messages were received from General Pervez Musharaf, President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan; Mir Zafaraullah Khan Jamali, Prime Minister, Islamic Republic of Pakistan; Prof. Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman (Nishan-e-Imtiaz, UNESCO Science Laureate), Federal Minister for Science & Technology and Chairman, Higher Education Commission; Sardar Yar Muhammad Rind, Federal Minister for Food, Agriculture & Livestock; Dr. Ishrat ul Ebad, Governor, Sindh; Sardar Ali Muhammad Khan Mahar, Chief Minister, Sindh; Mr. Arif Mustafa Jatoi, Minister for Food and Agriculture, Sindh; Mr. Irfan Ullah Khan Marwat, Minister for Education, Sindh; and Dr. Bashir Ahmad Chandio, Vice Chancellor, Sindh Agriculture University. Mr. Arif Mustafa Jatoi, Minister for Food and Agriculture, Sindh, was the Chief Guest at the inaugural session. Eminent scientists of the country, including Dr. Kauser Abdulla Malik (Hilal-e-Imtiaz; Fellow, Third World Academy of Sciences), Member (Bio-sciences), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, delivered special plenary lectures on topics related to the Congress theme.

The Congress Abstract Book contained.a total of 180 oral and poster papers, in the areas of soil survey, soil chemistry, soil fertility, soil physics, soil salinity, soil microbiology, soil conservation, and soil environment. The full papers will be published in a special issue of the Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, after peer review. The technical sessions were well attended, with adequate discussions after each presentation. State-of -the-art audio-visual equipment was used for the presentations. The poster papers gave an opportunity for grater interaction with the authors, national and international networking, and developing professional relationships. The Congress Organizing Committee, comprising of leading soil scientists of the country, was headed by Dr. Nisar Ahmad, President Soil Science Society of Pakistan. Congress Secretary was Prof. Dr, Kazi Suleman Memon, Vice President of the Society and Dean, Agriculture, Sindh Agriculture University. Technical Committee was headed by Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim, Treasurer of the Society, and Souvenir Committee was led by Dr. Abdul Rashid of National Agricultural Research Center. The Souvenir, produced at the Congress, documented history of the Soil Science Society of Pakistan, its membership, past presidents, honorary members, past Chief Editors of the Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, and elaborated on past nine (9) Congresses of Soil Science, National Directory of Soil Scientists, and Soil Science News. The souvenir highlighted Contributions of Soil Scientists in Agricultural Growth as well as Benchmark soils of Pakistan. An, after the dinner, excellent cultural program was organized on March 16 night for the delegates and the spouses. A post-congress tour was availed by a majority of the participants. The tour provided an opportunity to witness coastal agriculture, historical sites, and fertilizers factories.

Sponsors of the Congress were Pakistan Science Foundation, Sindh Agriculture University, Higher Education Commission, Sindh Department of Agriculture, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, Fauji Fertilizer Company, Engro Chemical Pakistan Limited, United Agro-Chemicals, Jaffer Brothers Limited, and Chawala International. In Pakistan, congresses of soil science are organized biennially since 1985. Each Congress is participated by about 300 scientists, with about 150 scientific presentations including invited papers, by leading scientists, related to the Congress theme. Voluntary papers are presented orally or as posters. Outstanding posters are awarded certificates and cash prizes. Congress recommendations are disseminated amongst federal and provincial policy makers, administrators in agricultural research, education, extension, and agro-based industry.

Dr. Abdul Rashid

Land Resources Research Program, National Agric. Research Center, Islamabad, Pakistan