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The International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) is the global union of soil scientists. The objectives of the IUSS are to promote all branches of soil science, and to support all soil scientists across the world in the pursuit of their activities. This website provides information for IUSS members and those interested in soil science.

12th International Meeting on Soil Micromorphology

Following the last meeting from the 19th till 13th of July/2001 at the International Training Centre for Post Graduate Soil Scientists of the Gent University, Belgium in 2001, the 12th international meeting was organized in Adana Turkey, between 20 and 26 of September 2004. Total 50 micromorphologists from about 20 countries have participated in this meeting to present and discuss about the current state of knowledge of micromorphology. The number of participants and country represented in Adana, showed that Micromorphological studies are moving ahead and young soil scientists are dedicated to keep the science alive and use their own studies both in fundamental and applied research. Room presentations and discussions were of highest interest, including the discussions on future of soil micromorphology.

Three countries namely Brazil, China, and Poland were interested to organize the next international meeting in 2008 also affirms that micromorphology will continue to serve the development of Soil Science in the future. The topics that were discussed included:

  • Soil quality and soil management for sustainable soil management,
  • Soil genesis and weathering of soil minerals,
  • Paleopedology indicators,
  • Micromorphology of soils in arid regions,
  • The use of micromorphology in soil classification, living organisms, and organo-mineral complexes,
  • The role of soil micromorphology in related sciences, such as archaeology, archaeometry, pollution by heavy metals, ceramics, environmental toxicology, engineering geology, microstructure of Portland cement.
Participants of the meeting at the Karatepe Hitite Archaeological sites, near Adana, Turkey.

Participants of the meeting at the Karatepe Hitite Archaeological sites, near Adana, Turkey.

Dr. E. A. FiztPatrick convening discussions on the development of calcretes the reshaped human landscapes (anthroscapes).

Dr. E. A. FiztPatrick convening discussions on the development of calcretes the reshaped human landscapes (anthroscapes).

It was once again recognized that microscopy and submicroscopy have great value for soil science. In addition to submicroscopy and ability to analyze of particles in clay size, yet development in computer science made it possible to quantify pedological features in great accuracy.

The oral and poster presentations are published as extended abstract book and as CR Rom and it was published by European Commissions Directorate General of the Joint Research Centre. Copies can be obtained from the centre (EUR 21275 EN/1 Excursion book, EUR 21275 EN/2). The field trip around Adana and South-east Turkey provided excellent opportunities for the examination of soils with various types of caliche and paleosols. Participants have enjoyed the excursions very much and the discussions in the field. Half day visit to Karatepe, the Open Air Archaeological Museum and National Park, provided an opportunity to learn more about the pre and post Hittite history in Turkey. This site was chosen to have exciting discussions on archaeology and micromorphology. A lot of information was provided about the culture and civilization of Hittites who lived in present Turkey more than four thousand year ago and Mesopotamian who were the initiators of the western civilizations and their history goes back to 11 thousand years BP.

The participants were happy to hear that most of colleagues have changed their mind on the soil development of ancient soils (older than Late Holocene). They presently integrate the erosional and sedimentary processes in the soil genesis. However further progress have to be made in this direction, especially in reconstruction of paleo-landscapes based on the soil covers of the past.

The two conference dinners, one in Adana and the other in Sanliurfa, were just excellent. It did offer the participants many talks, drinks, and a very typical gourmet Turkish dinner. During the business meeting the participants have decided that the next meeting will be in China in the years of 2008. It was announced that the Committee decided to postpone Kubiena award winner to the next year, as the announcement and award ceremony will take place during the IUSS congress in Philadelphia in 2006.

The following individuals should receive special thanks for the excellent work and dedication for making the meeting a great success: Luca Montanarella from the EU Soil Bureau Joint Research Centre in Italy, Hari Eswaran from the NRCS-USDA, Washington D.C. and Mike Wilson from the NSSC of the NRCS in Lincoln Nebraska, E. A. FitzPatrick from the University of Aberdeen. Dr. Erhan Akea from the University of Ukurova along with the graduate students of Ukurova University, Departments of Soil Science and Archaeometry: M. Serdem, B. Kapur, A. Ozturk, G. Buyuk, F.S. Ustundag and T. Tamagnini.

S. Kapur, G. Stoops, and A. R. Mermut