Five tonnes of animal life can live in one hectare of soil.

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The International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) is the global union of soil scientists. The objectives of the IUSS are to promote all branches of soil science, and to support all soil scientists across the world in the pursuit of their activities. This website provides information for IUSS members and those interested in soil science.

1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology

Szazhalombatta, Hungary, May 30-June 3, 2001

45 participants from 14 countries attended the 1st International Conference on Soils and Archaeology, co-organized by the Szent Istvon University Godollo and the Matrica Museum Szazhalombatta. 26 lectures and 10 posters were presented. 2 pre-conference tours, 1 mid-conference and 1 post-conference tour were organized to different excavation sites in Hungary. The conference aimed to demonstrate the mutual interest of soil scientists and archaeologists and at the same time bring them together for discussing common problems. The main topics of discussion were: soil morphology, stratigraphy, micromorphology, magnetometry, fate of artefacts in soil, terracing, ditch systems, soil organic matter, soil formation and landscape development from an archaeological point of view. Both soil scientists and archaeologists expressed their interest in approaching the terminology of the two sciences. It became clear that there is a need from the side of archaeology for a permanent consultation on the field with soil scientists and for a check-list provided by the soil specialists. At the same time soil scientists should adopt the new methods for archaeological purposes, too.

Special emphasis was given to the less known function of soil: to the memory. It was decided to organize a working group within IUSS with the name of Archaeopedology or Soils and Archaeology. The next conference will take place in Pisa in the spring of 2003.

Prof. Gyorgy Feleky
Szent Istvon
Godollo, Hungary