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The International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) is the global union of soil scientists. The objectives of the IUSS are to promote all branches of soil science, and to support all soil scientists across the world in the pursuit of their activities. This website provides information for IUSS members and those interested in soil science.

30th annual conference of the soil science society of Nigeria, Nigeria

The Soil Science Society of Nigeria (SSSN) held her 30th Annual Conference from December 5th to 9th, 2005 at the University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. The Theme was Management of Fadama soils for Environmental Quality, Food Security and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria. The Conference was attended by over 120 Scientists, farmers and agricultural policy makers from states and Federal Government agencies, International Organizations, State Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs), Fertilizer Companies and other stake holders in agriculture and environment. About 81 Scientific papers were presented. The distribution of the papers was: Soil Survey, Classification and Land use 20%, Soil Chem/fertility 54%, Soil Microbiology 4%, and Soil Physics 22%. After the technical sessions, there was the annual general meeting and on the last day a guided field tour was undertaken by the Scientists to assess the land use potentials of typical Fadama soils around Makurdi. At the Annual General Meeting (AGM), the Society made the following observations:

  • The Soil Science Society of Nigeria (SSSN) recognizes and appreciates the programmes, initiatives and polices of Federal and State Governments in promoting sustainable agriculture. The society also commends the effort of Government in diversifying our economic base from mono product oil economy thus making agriculture cardinal in the ongoing economic reforms with the ultimate goal of providing the enabling environment for a private sector led agricultural industry.
  • The SSSN is delighted to note that Governments Millennium Development Goals include the management of soil resources and environment for Food Security and Poverty Alleviation.
  • The Society observes that gradual conversion of most Fadama Soils, which are unique agricultural lands to non-agricultural uses such as building of housing estates in the urban and peri-urban areas.
  • The Society also observes this indiscriminate discharge of industrial effluent into the Fadama areas with the attendant environmental hazards and loss of highly productive lands.
  • The Society observes the indiscriminate use of fertilizers for crop production without recourse to soil testing and proper recommendations, thus resulting in accelerated land degradation and sub-optimal crop yields.
  • The Society notes the limited information on the Fadama Soils in Nigeria with respect to extent of coverage, properties and management options.
  • The Society also notes with great concern the unabated and widespread importation of blending and marketing of adulterated and low grade fertilizers and agro-chemicals. This has resulted in great losses to the farmers as well as leading to soil and environmental pollutions.
  • The Society observes the dwindling enrolment of students into soil science programmes in the tertiary institutions due to lack of job opportunities in their specialized areas on graduation.

Based on the above observations, the following Resolutions were reached at the AGM:

  • Soil testing programme should form the basis for sustainable production of all crops especially those under the Presidential Initiatives. Government are therefore called upon to urgently establish a well equipped and functional National Soil Research Institute, rehabilitate existing soil laboratories in Research Institutes, Federal and State Universities and Department of Agricultural Land Resources, to provide these services to farmers and other land users in all agro-ecological zones of the country.
  • Government should fund the mapping and characterization of Fadama soils
  • Nigerian soils should be surveyed at semi-detailed levels beyond existing reconnaissance survey while encouraging large scale farmers to conduct detailed soils survey of their farms.
  • Government should as a matter of urgency enact laws to regulate fertilizer and other agro-chemical s quality and useage in Nigeria.
  • Government should as a matter of priority enact a land use policy for Nigeria.

The three tiers of Government should provide special financial assistance to students wishing to study soil science to provide the needed manpower to manage the very fragile non-renewable soil resources of Nigeria.

Election of Officers

At the Annual General Meeting the following Officers were elected to run the affairs of the Society for the next 2 years:

President – Prof V. O. Chude,
Vice President – Prof O. O. Agbede,
General Secretary – Dr A. E. Isenmila
Assistant Secretary – Dr A. O. Ano
Treasurer – Dr B A Raji
Editor-in-Chief – Prof S O Ojeniyi
Ex-Officio Members – Dr U Omoti, Prof N O Isirimah, Prof A. A. Agboola